Nutrition transition in a middle-income country: 22-year trends in the Seychelles.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_0DF2E9854263.P001.pdf (406.66 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_0DF2E9854263
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Nutrition transition in a middle-income country: 22-year trends in the Seychelles.
Périodique
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Auteur(s)
Cardoso I., Bovet P., Viswanathan B., Luke A., Marques-Vidal P.
ISSN
1476-5640 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0954-3007
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
67
Numéro
2
Pages
135-140
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is little objective information regarding nutrition transition in African countries. We assessed trends in nutrition patterns in the Seychelles between 1989 and 2011.
SUBJECTS/METHODS: Population-based samples were obtained in 1989, 1994 and 2011 and participants aged 25-44 are considered in this study (n=493, 599 and 471, respectively). Similar, although not identical, food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were used in each survey and the variables were collapsed into homogenous categories for the purpose of this study.
RESULTS: Between 1989 and 2011, consumption frequency of fish (5+/week) decreased from 93 to 74%, whereas the following increased: meat (5+/week) 25 to 51%, fruits (1+/week) 48 to 94%, salty snacks (1+/week) 22 to 64% and sweet snacks (1+/week) 38 to 67% (P<0.001 for all). Consumption frequency decreased for home-brewed alcoholic drinks (1+/week) 16 to 1%, but increased for wine (1+/week) 5 to 33% (both P<0.001). Between 2004 and 2011, consumption frequency decreased for rice (2/day) 62 to 57% and tea (1+/day) 72 to 68%, increased for poultry (1+/week) 86 to 96% (all P<0.01), and did not change for vegetables (70.3 to 69.8%, P=0.65).
CONCLUSIONS: Seychelles is experiencing nutrition transition characterized by a decreased consumption frequency of traditional staple foods (fish, polished rice), beverages (tea) and of inexpensive home brews, and increased consumption frequency of meat, poultry and snacks. Food patterns also became more varied along with a broader availability of products in the 22-year interval. The health impact of these changes should be further studied.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
27/12/2012 15:00
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:35
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