Understanding competencies in project-based organizations: A multilevel and global perspective

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_0D8186845A87
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Understanding competencies in project-based organizations: A multilevel and global perspective
Titre de la conférence
28th EGOS Colloquium: Design!?
Auteur(s)
Loufrani-Fedida S., Missonier S.
Editeur
European Group for Organizational Studies
Adresse
Aalto University & Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
07/2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Langue
anglais
Résumé
In Project Based Organizations (PBOs) where firms conduct the majority of their activities in project mode and/or privilege the project dimensions over functional dimensions, there is an increasing interest in the critical competencies to manage. PBO is recognized as a learning organization and competence is appreciated as a key factor for project effectiveness. In this paper, we propose to improve the understanding of critical competencies in PBOs by highlighting a new perspective. Indeed, we propose to articulate two usually disjoined perspectives of competencies: the levels of competencies (individual, collective, and organizational) and the types of competencies (functional and integrative). Based on a multiple case study within four PBOs operating in different sectors (IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Arkopharma, and Temex), our results reveal the relations between levels and types of competencies. We thus develop a multilevel and global perspective of competencies in PBOs. This perspective also highlights a new reading of the collective level of competence in so far as we consider the coexistence of individual functional competencies and organizational integrative competencies at the heart of the emergence of the collective project team competence. By grounding our perspective in the multilevel and global perspective, we believe that the literature and managers would benefit from a holistic insight into the critical competencies in PBOs.
Mots-clé
Types of competence, Levels of competence, Competencies, Project-based organizations (PBOs), Development of new products and sevices
Site de l'éditeur
Création de la notice
29/02/2012 16:39
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:11
Données d'usage