Molecular physiology of glucose transporters.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_0B1D27EB92A7
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Molecular physiology of glucose transporters.
Périodique
Diabetes Care
Auteur(s)
Thorens B., Charron M.J., Lodish H.F.
ISSN
0149-5992[print], 0149-5992[linking]
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/1990
Volume
13
Numéro
3
Pages
209-218
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Molecular cloning of cDNA encoding the human erythrocyte facilitated-diffusion glucose transporter (GT) has elucidated its structure and has permitted a careful study of its tissue distribution and of its involvement in processes such as insulin-stimulated glucose uptake by adipose cells or transformation-induced increase in glucose metabolism. An important outcome of these studies was the discovery that additional isoforms of this transporter were expressed in a tissue-specific manner; these comprise a family of structurally and functionally related molecules. Their tissue distribution, differences in kinetic properties, and differential regulation by ambient glucose and insulin levels suggest that they play specific roles in the control of glucose homeostasis. Herein, we will discuss the structure of three members of the GT family: erythroid/brain GT, liver GT, and adipose cell/muscle GT. In the light of their tissue-specific expression, kinetic parameters, and susceptibility to insulin action, we discuss their possible specific functions.
Mots-clé
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Cell Membrane/metabolism, Cloning, Molecular, Humans, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Monosaccharide Transport Proteins/genetics, Monosaccharide Transport Proteins/physiology, Organ Specificity, Protein Conformation, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 14:41
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:32
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