The management of brain metastases

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_058904E8D7F1
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The management of brain metastases
Titre de la conférence
2nd European Lung Cancer Conference
Auteur(s)
Mirimanoff R.O.
Adresse
Geneva, Switzerland, April 28-May 1, 2010
ISBN
1556-0864
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
5
Série
Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Pages
S15
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Brain metastases occur in 20-50% of NSCLC and 50-80% of SCLC. In this review, we will look at evidence-based medicine data and give some perspectives on the management of BM. We will address the problems of multiple BM, single BM and prophylactic cranial irradiation. Recursive Partitioning Analysis (RPA) is a powerful prognostic tool to facilitate treatment decisions. Dealing with multiple BM, the use of corticosteroids was established more than 40 years ago by a unique randomized trial (RCT). Palliative effect is high (_80%) as well as side-effects. Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) was evaluated in many RCTs with a high (60-90%) response rate; several RT regimes are equivalent, but very high dose per fraction should be avoided. In multiple BM from SCLC, the effect of WBRT is comparable to that in NSCLC but chemotherapy (CXT) although advocated is probably less effective than RT. Single BM from NSCLC occurs in 30% of all BM cases; several prognostic classifications including RPA are very useful. Several options are available in single BM: WBRT, surgery (SX),
radiosurgery (RS) or any combination of these. All were studied in RCTs and will be reviewed: the addition of WBRT to SX or RS gives a better neurological tumour control, has little or no impact on survival, and may be more toxic. However omitting WBRT after SX alone gives a higher risk of cerebro-spinal fluid dissemination. Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) has a major role in SCLC. In limited disease, meta-analyses have shown a positive impact of PCI in the decrease of brain relapse and in survival improvement, especially for patients in complete remission. Surprisingly, this has been recently confirmed also in extensive disease. Experience with PCI for NSCLC is still limited, but RCT suggest a reduction of BM with no impact on survival. Toxicity of PCI is a matter of debate, as neurological or neuro-cognitive impairment is already present prior to PCI in almost half of patients. However RT toxicity is probably related to total dose and dose per fraction. Perspectives : Future research should concentrate on : 1) combined modalities in multiple BM. 2) Exploration of treatments in oligo-metastases. 3) Further exploration of PCI in NSCLC. 4) Exploration of new, toxicity-sparing radiotherapy techniques (IMRT, Tomotherapy etc).
Web of science
Création de la notice
02/09/2010 11:28
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:27
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