Associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and psychological distress: results from a population-based study.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_02C530AB7CC4.P001.pdf (847.04 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_02C530AB7CC4
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and psychological distress: results from a population-based study.
Périodique
Bmc Psychiatry
Auteur(s)
Richard A., Rohrmann S., Vandeleur C.L., Mohler-Kuo M., Eichholzer M.
ISSN
1471-244X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-244X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
15
Numéro
1
Pages
213
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Several studies observed associations of various aspects of diet with mental health, but little is known about the relationship between following the 5-a-day recommendation for fruit and vegetables consumption and mental health. Thus, we examined the associations of the Swiss daily recommended fruit and vegetable intake with psychological distress.
METHODS: Data from 20,220 individuals aged 15+ years from the 2012 Swiss Health Survey were analyzed. The recommended portions of fruit and vegetables per day were defined as 5-a-day (at least 2 portions of fruit and 3 of vegetables). The outcome was perceived psychological distress over the previous 4 weeks (measured by the 5-item mental health index [MHI-5]). High distress (MHI-5 score ≤ 52), moderate distress (MHI-5 > 52 and ≤ 72) and low distress (MHI-5 > 72 and ≤ 100) were differentiated and multinomial logistic regression analyses adjusted for known confounding factors were performed.
RESULTS: The 5-a-day recommendation was met by 11.6 % of the participants with low distress, 9.3 % of those with moderate distress, and 6.2 % of those with high distress. Consumers fulfilling the 5-a-day recommendation had lower odds of being highly or moderately distressed than individuals consuming less fruit and vegetables (moderate vs. low distress: OR = 0.82, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.69-0.97; high vs. low distress: OR = 0.55, 95 % CI 0.41-0.75).
CONCLUSIONS: Daily intake of 5 servings of fruit and vegetable was associated with lower psychological distress. Longitudinal studies are needed to further determine the causal nature of this relationship.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diet/psychology, Female, Food Habits/psychology, Fruit, Health Surveys, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Stress, Psychological/diet therapy, Stress, Psychological/epidemiology, Switzerland/epidemiology, Vegetables, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
05/10/2015 13:33
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:24
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