Food habits and sport activity during adolescence: differences between athletic and non-athletic teenagers in Switzerland.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_024749545172
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Food habits and sport activity during adolescence: differences between athletic and non-athletic teenagers in Switzerland.
Périodique
European journal of clinical nutrition
Auteur(s)
Cavadini C., Decarli B., Grin J., Narring F., Michaud P.A.
ISSN
0954-3007 (Print)
ISSN-L
0954-3007
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/2000
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
54
Numéro
Suppl 1
Pages
S16-20
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
To describe food habits and dietary intakes of athletic and non-athletic adolescents in Switzerland.
College, high schools and professional centers in the Swiss canton of Vaud.
A total of 3,540 subjects aged 9-19 y answered a self-reported anonymous questionnaire to assess lifestyles, physical plus sports activity and food habits. Within this sample, a subgroup of 246 subjects aged 11-15 also participated in an in-depth ancillary study including a 3 day dietary record completed by an interview with a dietician.
More boys than girls reported engaging in regular sports activities (P<0.001). Adolescent food habits are quite traditional: up to 15 y, most of the respondents have a breakfast and eat at least two hot meals a day, the percentages decreasing thereafter. Snacking is widespread among adolescents (60-80% in the morning, 80-90% in the afternoon). Food habits among athletic adolescents are healthier and also are perceived as such in a higher proportion. Among athletic adolescents, consumption frequency is higher for dairy products and ready to eat (RTE) cereals, for fruit, fruit juices and salad (P<0.05 at least). Thus the athletic adolescent's food brings more micronutrients than the diet of their non-athletic counterparts. Within the subgroup (ancillary study), mean energy intake corresponds to requirements for age/gender group.
Athletic adolescents display healthier food habits than non-athletic adolescents: this result supports the idea that healthy behavior tends to cluster and suggests that prevention programs among this age group should target simultaneously both sports activity and food habits.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Adult, Child, Diet, Exercise, Feeding Behavior, Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Male, Nutritional Requirements, Sports, Surveys and Questionnaires, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
25/01/2008 14:21
Dernière modification de la notice
10/09/2019 6:10
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