Atypical depression and alcohol misuse are related to the cardiovascular risk in the general population.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_FEB0BDF06496
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Atypical depression and alcohol misuse are related to the cardiovascular risk in the general population.
Journal
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Author(s)
Glaus J., Vandeleur C., Gholam-Rezaee M., Castelao E., Perrin M., Rothen S., Bovet P., Marques-Vidal P., von Känel R., Merikangas K., Mooser V., Waterworth D.M., Waeber G., Vollenweider P., Preisig M.
ISSN
1600-0447 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0001-690X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
128
Number
4
Pages
282-293
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to assess the associations between mood, anxiety and substance use disorders, including their subtypes, and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs).
METHOD: Thorough physical investigations, biological measures and standardized interview techniques were used to assess 3716 subjects of an urban area, aged 35-66 years.
RESULTS: Atypical depression was associated with increased prevalence of overweight, diabetes and the metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.5, 95% C.I. 1.1-2.0; OR = 2.0, 95% C.I. 1.1-3.5, OR = 1.6, 95% C.I. 1.0-2.4 respectively), whereas decreased prevalence of overweight was found in melancholic (OR = 0.7, 95% C.I. 0.6-0.9) and unspecified depression (OR = 0.8, 95% C.I. 0.7-1.0). Alcohol abuse was associated with diabetes (OR = 1.8, 95% C.I. 1.1-2.9) and dyslipidemia (OR = 1.3, 95% C.I. 1.0-1.8), alcohol dependence with dyslipidemia only (OR = 1.4, 95% C.I. 1.0-2.0). Almost all mental disorders were associated with a lifetime history of regular cigarette smoking, and atypical depression, alcohol misuse and drug dependence were associated with inactivity.
CONCLUSION: To conclude results emphasize the need to subtype depression and to pay particular attention to the atypical subtype. Comorbid alcohol misuse may further increase the cardiovascular risk. Efforts to diminish smoking in subjects with mental disorders could be crucial measures to reduce their high incidence of cardiovascular disease.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
27/12/2012 15:22
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:29
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