Ethics-relevant values in adulthood: Longitudinal findings from the life and time study.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_FE0FBE94ED53
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Ethics-relevant values in adulthood: Longitudinal findings from the life and time study.
Journal
Journal of personality
Author(s)
Thalmayer A.G., Saucier G., Srivastava S., Flournoy J.C., Costello C.K.
ISSN
1467-6494 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0022-3506
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
87
Number
6
Pages
1119-1135
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
This study investigates a set of variables related to the relative valuing of narrow self-interest versus the concerns of a larger community. These values likely capture stable dispositions. Additionally, because ethics-relevant values are associated with ongoing cultural and moral socialization, they may develop over time as in May's theory of "mature" values.
We administered eight value priority scales (Mature Values, Unmitigated Self-Interest, Materialism, Financial Aspirations, and Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism) to a national community sample (N = 864, 66% female, 71% White, mean age 36) on four occasions approximately one year apart (Time 4 N = 570). We examined the mean-level change as cross-sectional age differences and longitudinal change, and rank-order stability. Correlations with Big Five/Big Six personality traits are reported.
As people grew older, they increased in Mature Values and Horizontal and Vertical Collectivism, and decreased in Unmitigated Self-Interest, Materialism, and Vertical Individualism. Rank-order stability of the values was nearly as high as personality traits over three years. Stability increased with age for some scales.
The stability of values scores suggests that they capture dispositional aspects, but age differences and longitudinal trends are also consistent with the hypothesis of socialization toward more inclusive value priorities.
Keywords
Adult, Ethics, Female, Human Development, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Personality, Social Values, Socialization, human values, life span development, longitudinal value change, personal values, value stability
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
24/01/2019 10:51
Last modification date
07/07/2020 5:20
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