Binge drinking is characterized by decisions favoring positive and discounting negative consequences

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_FB412A75E3C9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Binge drinking is characterized by decisions favoring positive and discounting negative consequences
Journal
Addiction Research & Theory
Author(s)
 Ragnhild, Billieux Joël, Landrø Nils Inge
ISSN
1606-6359
1476-7392
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
24
Number
6
Pages
499-506
Language
english
Abstract
Background: Decision making in binge drinkers is both risky and disadvantageous; however, previous
operationalization of binge drinking has failed to capture the dimensionality of the phenomenon, differentiate drinking pattern from actual alcohol consumption and control for the influence of other substance use and general executive ability. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess decision-making
performance at various levels of binge drinking severity, while controlling for general executive ability
and substance use.
Methods: A total of 121 students, aged 18–25, were assessed by means of the binge score derived
from the Alcohol Use Questionnaire (AUQ). They completed the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the
Information Sampling Task (IST), to assess decision making under ambiguity and risk, respectively. The
Letter Number Sequencing (LNS) task was used to control for the influence of general executive
function.
Results: When controlling for general executive function and use of other substances, the binge score
was predictive of risky decisions in the IST, but only when additional information was costly. In the IGT,
the binge score was not predictive of advantageous decisions, but rather associated with decisions
returning frequent losses in the first 40 trials of the tasks.
Conclusions: Explicitly presented probabilities for gain and reward makes binge drinkers accept higher
degree of risk when making decisions. This could reflect a reward drive proneness, which is established
as a risk factor for addictive behaviors. Sensitization to reward might impel binge drinkers to continue
the pattern of alcohol consumption, despite the resulting negative outcomes.
Keywords
Alcohol, decision making, drinking pattern, information sampling task, iowa gambling task, young adults
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Create date
10/01/2020 10:31
Last modification date
17/01/2020 23:30
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