Efficacy of Ketogenic Diets on Type 2 Diabetes: a Systematic Review.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_FB26E89F8D17
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Efficacy of Ketogenic Diets on Type 2 Diabetes: a Systematic Review.
Journal
Current diabetes reports
Author(s)
Tinguely D., Gross J., Kosinski C.
ISSN
1539-0829 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1534-4827
Publication state
Published
Issued date
27/08/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Number
9
Pages
32
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
To assess the pleiotropic effects of ketogenic diets (KD) on glucose control, changes in medication, and weight loss in individuals with type 2 diabetes, and to evaluate its practical feasibility RECENT FINDINGS: KD results in improved HbA1c already after 3 weeks, and the effect seems to persist for at least 1 year. This is associated with a reduction in glucose-lowering medications. The weight loss observed after a short time period seems to be maintained with a long-term diet. Adequate support (supportive psychological counseling, enhancing positive affectivity, reinforcing mindful eating) is necessary to achieve a benefit and to assure adherence. Despite the documented decrease in HbA1, a definitive causal effect of KD remains to be proven. KD should be performed under strict medical supervision. Future research should clarify how compliance can be maximized and how ketosis can be optimally monitored.
Keywords
Atkins diet, Glucose intolerance, Keto, Ketogenic diet, Type 2 diabetes, Very-low-carb diet
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/09/2021 17:00
Last modification date
17/09/2021 5:39
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