Complex Tracheocarinal Reconstructions Using Extrathoracic Muscle Flaps as Airway Substitutes.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_FA39248D029C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Complex Tracheocarinal Reconstructions Using Extrathoracic Muscle Flaps as Airway Substitutes.
Journal
The Annals of thoracic surgery
Author(s)
Blatter J., Krueger T., Ris H.B., Baeriswyl M., Lovis A., Zellweger M., Gonzalez M., Perentes J.Y.
ISSN
1552-6259 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0003-4975
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
105
Number
5
Pages
1492-1498
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Extrathoracic muscle flaps can be used as airway substitutes for the closure of complex bronchopleural or tracheoesophageal fistulas or in the context of tracheocarinal reconstructions after resection for centrally localized tumors in order to alleviate excess anastomotic tension.
Evaluation of all patients undergoing tracheocarinal reconstructions with extrathoracic muscle flap patches as airway substitutes in our institution from 1996 to 2016.
A total of 73 patients underwent tracheocarinal reconstructions using extrathoracic muscle flap patches as airway substitutes for the closure of bronchopleural fistulas (n = 17) and complex tracheoesophageal fistulas (n = 7), or in the context of airway reconstructions after carinal resections in combination with pneumonectomy/sleeve lobectomy for centrally localized lung tumors (n = 36) and noncircumferential tracheal resections for tracheal disease processes (n = 14). The size of airway defects replaced by muscle patches ranged from 2 × 2 to 8 × 4 cm and was at most 40% of the airway circumference. The postoperative 90-day mortality was 8.2% and was only observed after right-sided pneumonectomy. Complications at the airway reconstruction site occurred in 8 patients (10%): 4 airway dehiscence (5%) with uneventful healing after reoperation (n = 2) or temporary stenting (n = 2) and 4 airway stenosis (5%) that required repeated bronchoscopy and stenting. Overall, 63 of 67 surviving patients (94%) revealed intact airways without further bronchoscopic interventions or tracheal appliance during follow-up.
Extrathoracic muscle flaps used as airway substitutes are an interesting and sometimes life-saving option to close difficult tracheocarinal airway defects or to reduce anastomotic tension in the context of complex tracheocarinal surgeries.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Bronchial Fistula/mortality, Bronchial Fistula/surgery, Child, Female, Humans, Lung Neoplasms/mortality, Lung Neoplasms/surgery, Male, Middle Aged, Pleural Diseases/mortality, Pleural Diseases/surgery, Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods, Reoperation, Retrospective Studies, Surgical Flaps, Survival Rate, Tracheoesophageal Fistula/mortality, Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
15/02/2018 21:37
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:25
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