A Basic Bivariate Structure of Personality Attributes Evident Across Nine Languages : Basic Bivariate Personality Structure

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_F95E2A665583
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
A Basic Bivariate Structure of Personality Attributes Evident Across Nine Languages : Basic Bivariate Personality Structure
Journal
Journal of Personality
Author(s)
Saucier Gerard, Thalmayer Amber Gayle, Payne Doris L., Carlson Robert, Sanogo Lamine, Ole-Kotikash Leonard, Church A. Timothy, Katigbak Marcia S., Somer Oya, Szarota Piotr, Szirmák Zsofia, Zhou Xinyue
ISSN
0022-3506
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2014
Volume
82
Number
1
Pages
1-14
Language
english
Abstract
Here, two studies seek to characterize a parsimonious common-denominator
personality structure with optimal cross-cultural replicability. Personality differences are observed in all human populations and cultures, but lexicons for personality attributes that contain so many distinctions that parsimony is lacking. Models stipulating the most important attributes have been formulated by experts or by empirical studies drawing on experience in a very limited range of cultures. (Method:) Factor-analyses of personality lexicons of nine languages of diverse provenance (Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Turkish, Greek, Polish, Hungarian, Maasai, and Senoufo) were examined, and their common structure compared to that of several prominent models in psychology. (Results:) A parsimonious bivariate model showed evidence of substantial convergence and ubiquity across cultures. Analyses involving key markers of these dimensions in English indicate that they are broad dimensions involving the overlapping content of the interpersonal circumplex, models of communion and agency, and of morality/warmth and competence. (Conclusions:) These “Big Two” dimensions – Social Self-Regulation and Dynamism – provide a common-denominator model involving the two most crucial axes of personality variation, ubiquitous across cultures. The Big Two might serve as an umbrella model serving to link diverse theoretical models and associated research literatures.
Keywords
Personality Structure, Lexical, Cross-Cultural, Interpersonal, Morality
Create date
23/12/2016 13:40
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:25
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