Obesity-related phenotypes are associated to parental longevity in a Swiss population-based study

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_F92DAD6D4570
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Title
Obesity-related phenotypes are associated to parental longevity in a Swiss population-based study
Title of the conference
Regenerative medicine, CHUV Research Day, January 17, 2008
Author(s)
Jaunin Jérôme, Bochud Murielle, Marques-Vidal Pedro, Vollenweider Peter, Waeber Gérard, Mooser Vincent, Paccaud Fred
Publisher
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et de médecine
Address
Lausanne
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Pages
MCV-45, 118
Language
english
Abstract
METHODS. We analyzed data from a population-based sample of 2561 participants (1163 men and 1398 women) aged 55-75 years from the city of Lausanne, Switzerland (CoLaus study). Participants were stratified by the number of parents (0, 1, 2) who survived to 85 years or more. Trend across these strata was assessed using a non-parametric kmean test. The associations of parental age (independent covariate used as a proxy for longevity) with fasting blood glucose, blood pressures, blood lipids, body mass index (BMI), weight, height or liver enzymes (continuous dependent variables) were analyzed using multiple linear regressions. Models were adjusted for age, sex, alcohol consumption, smoking and educational level, and BMI for liver enzymes.
RESULTS. For subjects with 0 (N = 1298), 1 (N = 991) and 2 (N = 272) long-lived parents, median BMI (interquartile range) was 25.4 (6.5), 24.9 (6.1) and 23.7 (4.8) kg/m2 in women (P <0.001), and 27.3 (4.8), 27.0 (4.5) and 25.9 (4.9) kg/m2 in men (P = 0.04), respectively; median weight was 66.5 (16.1), 65.0 (16.4) and 63.4 (13.7) kg in women (P = 0.003), and 81.5 (17.0), 81.4 (16.4) and 80.3 (17.1) kg in men (P = 0.36). Median height was 161 (8), 162 (9) and 163 (8) cm in women (P = 0.005) and 173 (9), 174 (9) and 174 (11) cm in men (P = 0.09). The corresponding medians for AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase) were 31 (13), 29 (11) and 28 (10) U/L (P = 0.002), and 28 (17), 27 (14) and 26 (19) U/L for ALT (Alanin Aminotransferase, P = 0.053) in men. In multivariable analyses, greater parental longevity was associated with lower BMI, lower weight and taller stature in women (P < 0.01) and lower AST in men (P = 0.011). No significant associations were observed for the other variables analyzed. Sensitivity analyses restricted to subjects whose parents were dead (N = 1844) led to similar results, with even stronger associations of parental longevity with liver enzymes in men.
CONCLUSIONS. In women, increased parental longevity was associated with smaller BMI, attributable to lower weight and taller stature. In men, the association of increased parental longevity with lower liver enzymes, independently of BMI, suggests that parental longevity may be associated with decreased nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Keywords
Obesity/genetics , Phenotype , Longevity , Parents , Health Surveys , Switzerland , Vaud
Create date
25/02/2009 17:53
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:25
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