Acute toxicity of curative radiotherapy for intermediate risk localized prostate cancer in the EORTC trial 22991


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Acute toxicity of curative radiotherapy for intermediate risk localized prostate cancer in the EORTC trial 22991
Title of the conference
15th Congress of the European-Cancer-Organization/34th Multidisciplinary Congress of the European-Society-for-Medical-Oncology
Matzinger O., Duclos F., van den Bergh A., Carrie C., Kitsios P., Villa S., Poortmans P., Sundar S., Collette L., Bolla M.
Berlin, Germany, September 20-24, 2009
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Meeting Abstract
Introduction: EORTC trial 22991 randomly assessed the addition of concomitant and adjuvant short-term hormonal therapy to curative conformal/intensity-modulated radiotherapy (RT) for intermediate risk localized prostate cancer. We report the acute toxicity (assessed weekly during RT) for the organs at risk (genito-urinary (GU) and gastro-intestinal (GI)) in relation to radiation parameters.
Material and Methods: Eligibility criteria were age _80 years, PSA _ 50 ng/ml, N0M0 and either tumour stage cT2a (1997 UICC TNM) or cT1b-c combined with PSA_10 ng/ml and/or Gleason score _7. We report toxicity for all eligible patients who received the planned RT with documented acute toxicity (CTCAEv.2) and RT-quality assurance parameters. The RT dose (70 Gy, 74 Gy or 78 Gy) and technique (3DCRT vs IRMT) were per institution choice, the randomization was stratified for institution. Statistical significance was set at 0.05. ( NCT00021450)
Results: Of 819 randomized patients, 28 were excluded from the analysis (3 with <60 Gy RT, 25 with missing information). Of the 791 analysed patients, 652 (82.4%) were treated with 3D-CRT, 139 with IMRT. In the 3DCRT group, 195 patients (29.9%) were treated with a total prescribed dose of 70 Gy; 376 (57.7%) with 74 Gy and 81 (12.4%) with 78 Gy. In the IMRT group, 28 (20.1%) were treated to a total dose of 74 Gy and 111 (79.9%) with 78 Gy. Overall, only 7 of 791 patients (0.9%) had grade 3 GI toxicity during RT: diarrhea (N = 6), rectal bleeding (N = 1) and proctitis (N = 1). Fifty patients (6.3%) had grade 3 GU toxicity: urinary frequency (N = 38, 4.6%), dysuria (N = 14, 1.7%), urinary retention (N = 11, 1.3%), urinary incontinence (N = 2) and hematuria (N = 1). No grade 4 toxicity was reported. Hormonal treatment did not influence the risk of side effects (p>0.05). The risk of grade _2 GI toxicity significantly correlated to D50%-rectum (p = 0.004) with a cut-of value of 44 Gy. The risk of grade _2 GU toxicity was moderately affected by Dmax-bladder (p = 0.051). Overall, only 14 patients (1.8%) had residual grade 3 toxicities one month after RT.
Conclusion: 3D-CRT and IMRT up to 78 Gy is well tolerated. Dmaxbladder and D50%-rectum were related to the risk of grade_2 GU and GI toxicity, respectively. IMRT lowered D50% rectum and Dmax-bladder. An irradiated volume >400 cc for 3D-RT and a dose of 78 Gy, even for IMRT, negatively affected those parameters and increased the risk for toxicity.
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20/01/2010 14:49
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20/08/2019 17:24
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