Prevalence of overweight in the Seychelles: 15 year trends and association with socio-economic status.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_F6B440D14831
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Prevalence of overweight in the Seychelles: 15 year trends and association with socio-economic status.
Journal
Obesity Reviews
Author(s)
Bovet P., Chiolero A., Shamlaye C., Paccaud F.
ISSN
1467-789X[electronic]
ISSN-L
1467-7881
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Number
6
Pages
511-517
Language
english
Abstract
We assessed the 15-year trends in the distribution of body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of overweight in the Seychelles (Indian Ocean, African Region) and the relationship with socio-economic status (SES). Three population-based examination surveys were conducted in 1989, 1994 and 2004. Occupation was categorized as 'labourer', 'intermediate' or 'professional'. Education was also assessed in 1994 and 2004. Between 1989 and 2004, mean BMI increased markedly in all sex and age categories (overall: 0.16 kg m(-2) per calendar year, which corresponds to 0.46 kg per calendar year). The prevalence of overweight (including obesity, BMI >or= 25 kg m(-2)) increased from 29% to 52% in men and from 50% to 67% in women. The prevalence of obesity (BMI >or= 30 kg m(-2)) increased from 4% to 15% in men and from 23% to 34% in women. Overweight was associated inversely with occupation in women and directly in men in all surveys. In multivariate analysis, overweight was associated similarly (direction and magnitude) to occupation and education. In conclusion, the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity over time in all age, sex and SES categories suggests large-scale changes in societal obesogenic factors. The sex-specific association of SES with overweight suggests that prevention measures should be tailored accordingly.
Keywords
Adult, Age Factors, Body Mass Index, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Overweight/epidemiology, Prevalence, Sex Factors, Seychelles/epidemiology, Socioeconomic Factors, Time Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/03/2009 15:15
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:23
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