Current prevalence of self-reported interpersonal violence among adult patients seen at a university hospital emergency department in Switzerland.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_F61A2F881CDB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Current prevalence of self-reported interpersonal violence among adult patients seen at a university hospital emergency department in Switzerland.
Journal
Swiss medical weekly
Author(s)
Douet T., Ohl A., Hügli O., Romain-Glassey N., Carron P.N.
ISSN
1424-3997 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0036-7672
Publication state
Published
Issued date
16/12/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
149
Pages
w20147
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
To evaluate the current prevalence of self-reported interpersonal violence amongst patients consulting at the emergency department (ED) of a university hospital and to describe the characteristics of the violence sustained.
Ours was a cross-sectional study using a modified version of the Partner Violence Screen questionnaire, which was distributed to every patient over 16 years old consulting at the ED between the 1st and 30th September 2016. Excluded were those incapable of decision-making, unable to understand owing to language difficulties, or in police detention. Questions pertained to violence endured during the year prior to their attendance at the ED and, where relevant, the date, place, and type of violence (physical or psychological), the perpetrator and the means used (firearms or other weapons). Demographic details were taken from the hospital records.
Of 628 patients included (participation rate 86%), 19% were victims of violence, for 27% of whom it was the motive for ED attendance. The median age of these victims of violence was 28 years (interquartile range 22–43), 39% were female, 71% single and 38% foreign nationals. Typical characteristics of self-reported violence were: (1) violence sustained within the previous 24 h (26%); (2) perpetrators unknown (35%); (3) occurrence at a café, bar, restaurant or nightclub (32%); (4) use of knives (19%); (5) prior consumption of alcohol by the victims themselves (28%). Females were more susceptible to domestic violence than males (45 vs 7%), the latter mostly reporting public violence (64 vs 43% in women).
The prevalence of self-reported interpersonal violence has reached one patient in five in our ED. Our results underline the importance of screening for this, as well as providing the means to offer specific follow-up. &nbsp.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Crime Victims/statistics & numerical data, Cross-Sectional Studies, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Hospitals, University, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Self Report, Sex Distribution, Switzerland/epidemiology, Violence/statistics & numerical data, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
07/01/2020 17:06
Last modification date
14/08/2020 5:21
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