Tumor sensitizing function and mechanism of action of a RasGAP derived peptide


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PhD thesis: a PhD thesis.
Tumor sensitizing function and mechanism of action of a RasGAP derived peptide
Annibaldi A.
Widmann  C.
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Faculté de biologie et de médecine Université de Lausanne UNIL - Bugnon Rue du Bugnon 21 - bureau 4111 CH-1015 Lausanne SUISSE
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Cancer is the second cause of death after cardio-vascular diseases in economically developed countries. Two of the most commonly used anti-cancer therapies are chemo and radiotherapy. Despite the remarkable advances made in term of delivery and specificity of these two anti-tumor regimens, their toxicity towards healthy tissue remains a limitation. A promising approach to overcome this obstacle would be the utilization of therapeutic peptides that specifically augment the sensitivity of tumoral cells to treatments. Lower therapeutical doses would then be required to kill malignant cells, limiting toxic effects on healthy tissues.
It was previously shown in our laboratory that the caspase-3 generated fragment N2 of RasGAP is able to potentiate the genotoxin-induced apoptosis selectively in cancer cells. In this work we show that fragment N2 strictly requires a cytoplasmic localization to deliver its pro-apoptotic effect in genotoxin-treated cancer cells.
The tumor sensitizing capacity of fragment N2 was found to reside within the 10 amino acid sequence 317-326. Our laboratory earlier demonstrated that a peptide corresponding to amino acids 317 to 326 of RasGAP fused to the TAT cell permeable moiety, called TAT-RasGAP317.326, is able to sensitize cancer cells, but not normal cells, to genotoxin-induced apoptosis.
In the present study we describe the capacity of TAT-RasGAP 317.326 to sensitize tumors to both chemo and radiotherapy in an in vivo mouse model. The molecular mechanism underlying the TAT-RasGAP 317.326-mediated sensitization starts now to be elucidated. We demonstrate that G3BP1, an endoribonuclease binding to amino acids 317-326 of RasGAP, is not involved in the sensitization mechanism. We also provide evidence showing that TAT-RasGAP3 17-326 potentiates the genotoxin-mediated activation of Bax in a tBid-dependent manner.
Altogether our results show that TAT-RasGAP 317.326 could be potentially used in cancer therapy as sensitizer, in order to improve the efficacy of chemo and radiotherapy and prolong the life expectancy of cancer patients. Moreover, the understanding of the TAT-RasGAP317.326 mode of action might help to unravel the mechanisms by which cancer cells resist to chemo and radiotherapy and therefore to design more targeted and efficient anti-tumoral strategies.
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27/08/2012 16:27
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20/08/2019 16:22
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