Host diet mediates a negative relationship between abundance and diversity of <i>Drosophila</i> gut microbiota.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_F58157E65CCA
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Host diet mediates a negative relationship between abundance and diversity of <i>Drosophila</i> gut microbiota.
Journal
Ecology and Evolution
Author(s)
Erkosar B., Yashiro E., Zajitschek F., Friberg U., Maklakov A.A., van der Meer J.R., Kawecki T.J.
ISSN
2045-7758 (Print)
ISSN-L
2045-7758
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Number
18
Pages
9491-9502
Language
english
Abstract
Nutrient supply to ecosystems has major effects on ecological diversity, but it is unclear to what degree the shape of this relationship is general versus dependent on the specific environment or community. Although the diet composition in terms of the source or proportions of different nutrient types is known to affect gut microbiota composition, the relationship between the quantity of nutrients supplied and the abundance and diversity of the intestinal microbial community remains to be elucidated. Here, we address this relationship using replicate populations of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> maintained over multiple generations on three diets differing in the concentration of yeast (the only source of most nutrients). While a 6.5-fold increase in yeast concentration led to a 100-fold increase in the total abundance of gut microbes, it caused a major decrease in their alpha diversity (by 45-60% depending on the diversity measure). This was accompanied by only minor shifts in the taxonomic affiliation of the most common operational taxonomic units (OTUs). Thus, nutrient concentration in host diet mediates a strong negative relationship between the nutrient abundance and microbial diversity in the <i>Drosophila</i> gut ecosystem.
Keywords
Ecology, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Nature and Landscape Conservation, Drosophila, diet, host–microbe interactions, intermediate productivity hypothesis, microbiota, productivity–diversity relationship
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
09/10/2018 15:21
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:22
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