Assessing the Will to Live: A Scoping Review.

Details

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_F526FD5B13D4
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Assessing the Will to Live: A Scoping Review.
Journal
Journal of pain and symptom management
Author(s)
Bornet M.A., Bernard M., Jaques C., Rubli Truchard E., Borasio G.D., Jox R.J.
ISSN
1873-6513 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0885-3924
Publication state
Published
Issued date
04/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
61
Number
4
Pages
845-857.e18
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The will to live (WTL) is an important factor to consider in the context of providing resource-oriented palliative care. Until now, there has been no major review of the existing research on this subject.
The primary objective of this study is to summarize the state of research concerning instruments that assess the WTL. The secondary objective is to explore the theoretical models and psychometric properties of these instruments, in studies where these instruments were initially presented. The tertiary objective is to identify, among all studies where these instruments have been used, the intensity of the WTL, and factors associated with it.
We conducted a scoping review, including studies that were designed to assess the WTL among participants in all settings. Records were systematically searched from seven bibliographic databases with no date limitations up to August 2020.
Of the 3078 records screened, 281 were examined in detail and 111 were included in the synthesis. A total of 25 different instruments quantitatively assessing the WTL are presented. Most are single-question tools and rate intensity. The underlying concepts and psychometric properties are incompletely explained. Lack of crossreferencing is apparent. The intensity of the WTL is high, even among people with significant health impairment, and is frequently associated with different factors, such as resilience and quality of life.
A considerable yet unconnected body of studies assesses the WTL. Its assessment in clinical routine could promote resource-oriented and patient-centered care.
Keywords
will to live, wish to live, positive psychology, scoping review, geriatrics, palliative care, Will to live
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Funding(s)
Other / G. and J. Bangerter- Rhyner Foundation and the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences
Fondation Leenaards
Create date
13/09/2020 8:21
Last modification date
24/04/2021 6:33
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