InterCardioRisk: a novel online tool for estimating doses of ionising radiation to occupationally-exposed medical staff and their associated health risks.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_F4FFDF1633DF
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
InterCardioRisk: a novel online tool for estimating doses of ionising radiation to occupationally-exposed medical staff and their associated health risks.
Journal
Journal of radiological protection : official journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Author(s)
Moriña D., Grellier J., Carnicer A., Pernot E., Ryckx N., Cardis E.
ISSN
1361-6498 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0952-4746
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Number
3
Pages
561-578
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Those working in interventional cardiology and related medical procedures are potentially subject to considerable exposure to x-rays. Two types of tissue of particular concern that may receive considerable doses during such procedures are the lens of the eye and the brain. Ocular radiation exposure results in lens changes that, with time, may progress to partial or total lens opacification (cataracts). In the early stages, such opacities do not result in visual disability; the severity of such changes tends to increase progressively with dose and time until vision is impaired and cataract surgery is required. Scattered radiation doses to the eye lens of an interventional cardiologist in typical working conditions can exceed 34 μGy min(-1) in high-dose fluoroscopy modes and 3 μGy per image during image acquisition (instantaneous rate values) when radiation protection tools are not used. A causal relation between exposure to ionising radiation and increased risk of brain and central nervous system tumours has been shown in a number of studies. Although absorbed doses to the brain in interventional cardiology procedures are lower than those to the eye lens by a factor between 3.40 and 8.08 according to our simulations, doses to both tissues are among the highest occupational radiation doses documented for medical staff whose work involves exposures to x-rays. We present InterCardioRisk, a tool featuring an easy-to-use web interface that provides a general estimation of both cumulated absorbed doses experienced by medical staff exposed in the interventional cardiology setting and their estimated associated health risks. The tool is available at http://intercardiorisk.creal.cat.

Pubmed
Create date
30/12/2016 12:36
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:21
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