Efficacy of an eradication schema in case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa primo-infection in children with cystic fibrosis


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A Master's thesis.
Efficacy of an eradication schema in case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa primo-infection in children with cystic fibrosis
Claude F
Hafen GM
Sauty A
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
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Introduction: Patients with Cystic fibrosis (CF) are more susceptible to pathogens like P. aeruginosa (PA). PA primo-infection requires particular attention as failure in eradication is associated with accelerated lung deterioration. The main aim of this study is to assess the rate of PA eradication according to our particular protocol with inhaled tobramycin and oral ciprofloxacin, as there is no consensus in the literature on what eradication protocol is optimal.
Methods: Retrospective single centre study with data analysis from June 1st 2007 to June 1st 2011 of patients with PA primo-infection exclusively treated by 3 x 28 days of inhaled tobramycin and oral ciprofloxacin for the first and last 21 days. Success in eradication is defined by ≥ 3 negative bacteriologies for 6 months after the beginning of the protocol. If ≥ 1 bacteriology is positive, we consider the eradication as a failure.
Results: Out of 41 patients, 18 followed the eradication protocol and were included in our analysis (7 girls (38.9%) and 11 boys (61.1%)). Boys had 12 primo-infections and girls had 8. Among these 20 primo-infections, 16 (80%) had an overall success in eradication and 4 (20%) a failure. There was no significant statistical differences in age between these groups (t-test = 0.07, p = 0.94), nor for FEV1% (t-test = 0.96, p = 0.41) or BMI (t-test = 1.35, p = 0.27). Rate of success was 100% for girls and 66.6% for boys.
Conclusion: Our protocol succeeded in an overall eradication rate of 80%, without statistical significant impact on FEV1 % and BMI values. However, there was a sex difference with eradication rates in girls (100%) and boys (66.6%). A sex difference has not yet been reported in the literature. This should be evaluated in further studies.
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13/12/2012 12:01
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20/08/2019 17:20
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