Physicians' perceptions about managing enteral nutrition and the implementation of tools to assist in nutritional decision-making in a paediatric intensive care unit.

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State: Public
Version: author
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_F2F93D492696
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Physicians' perceptions about managing enteral nutrition and the implementation of tools to assist in nutritional decision-making in a paediatric intensive care unit.
Journal
Australian critical care
Author(s)
Moullet C., Schmutz E., Laure Depeyre J., Perez M.H., Cotting J., Jotterand Chaparro C.
ISSN
1036-7314 (Print)
ISSN-L
1036-7314
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
33
Number
3
Pages
219-227
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
For critically ill children hospitalised in paediatric intensive care units, adequate nutrition reduces their risk of morbidity and mortality. Barriers may impede optimal nutritional support in this population. Moreover, physicians are usually responsible for prescribing nutrition, although they are not experts. Therefore, tools may be used to assist in nutritional decision-making, such as nutrition protocols.
The objective of this two-stage qualitative study was to explore the perceptions of physicians about their management of enteral nutrition in a paediatric intensive care unit and the implementation of a nutrition protocol and computerised system.
This study involved semistructured interviews with physicians at the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit of Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland. Research dietitians conducted interviews before (stage one) and after (stage two) the implementation of a nutrition protocol and computerised system. During stage one, six junior physicians and five fellows were interviewed. At stage two, 12 junior physicians, 12 fellows, and five senior physicians were interviewed. Interviews were recorded, with data transcribed verbatim before a thematic analysis using a framework method.
Three themes emerged from thematic analysis: "nutritional knowledge", "nutritional practices", and "resources to manage nutrition". During stage one, physicians, especially junior physicians, reported a lack of nutritional knowledge for critically ill children and stated that nutritional issues primarily depended on senior physicians, who themselves had various practices. All physicians were in favour of a nutrition protocol and computerised system. At stage two, interviewees stated that they used both tools regularly. They reported improved nutritional knowledge, more systematic and consistent nutritional practices, and increased attention to nutrition.
The implementation of a nutrition protocol and computerised system by a multiprofessional team helped physicians in the paediatric intensive care unit to manage nutritional support and increase their attention to nutrition.
Keywords
Child, Clinical decision support system, Critical care, Nutrition, Protocol
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
20/05/2020 16:08
Last modification date
21/05/2020 6:26
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