Serum anticholinergic activity and postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly parients


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PhD thesis: a PhD thesis.
Serum anticholinergic activity and postoperative cognitive dysfunction in elderly parients
Rossi A.
Steiner L. A., Kern C.
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Faculté de biologie et de médecine Université de Lausanne CH-1015 Lausanne SUISSE
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BACKGROUND: Cerebral cholinergic transmission plays a key role in cognitive function, and anticholinergic drugs administered during the perioperative phase are a hypothetical cause of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). We hypothesized that a perioperative increase in serum anticholinergic activity (SAA) is associated with POCD in elderly patients.
METHODS: Seventy-nine patients aged >65 years undergoing elective major surgery under stan- dardized general anesthesia (thiopental, sevoflurane, fentanyl, and atracurium) were investi- gated. Cognitive functions were assessed preoperatively and 7 days postoperatively using the extended version of the CERAD-Neuropsychological Assessment Battery. POCD was defined as a postoperative decline >1 z-score in at least 2 test variables. SAA was measured preop- eratively and 7 days postoperatively at the time of cognitive testing. Hodges-Lehmann median differences and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated for between-group comparisons. RESULTS: Of the patients who completed the study, 46% developed POCD. Patients with POCD were slightly older and less educated than patients without POCD. There were no relevant differences between patients with and without POCD regarding gender, demographically cor- rected baseline cognitive functions, and duration of anesthesia. There were no large differences between patients with and without POCD regarding SAA preoperatively (pmol/mL, median [inter- quartile range]/median difference [95% CI], P; 1.14 [0.72, 2.37] vs 1.13 [0.68, 1.68]/0.12
[−0.31, 0.57], P = 0.56), SAA 7 days postoperatively (1.32 [0.68, 2.59] vs 0.97 [0.65,
1.83]/0.25 [−0.26, 0.81], P = 0.37), or changes in SAA (0.08 [−0.50, 0.70] vs −0.02 [−0.53,
0.41]/0.1 [−0.31, 0.52], P = 0.62). There was no significant relationship between changes in SAA and changes in cognitive function (Spearman rank correlation coefficient preoperatively of 0.03 [95% CI, −0.21, 0.26] and postoperatively of −0.002 [95% CI, −0.24, 0.23]).
CONCLUSIONS: In this panel of patients with low baseline SAA and clinically insignificant periopera- tive anticholinergic burden, although a relationship cannot be excluded in some patients, our analysis suggests that POCD is probably not a substantial consequence of anticholinergic medications admin- istered perioperatively but rather due to other mechanisms.
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13/08/2015 12:40
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20/08/2019 17:19
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