Trends in motor vehicle crash mortality in Europe, 1980-2007.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_F1F27A6B22B3
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Trends in motor vehicle crash mortality in Europe, 1980-2007.
Journal
Safety Science
Author(s)
Orsi Chiara, Bertuccio Paola, Morandi Anna, Levi Fabio, Bosetti Cristina, La Vecchia Carlo
ISSN
0925-7535
ISSN-L
0925-7535
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
50
Number
4
Pages
1009-1018
Language
english
Abstract
Recent trends (1980-2007) in mortality from road traffic crashes in European countries, and, for comparative purposes, in the USA and Japan were reviewed. Data came from the World Health Organisation database. Age-standardised rates, at all ages and at 15-24, 25-64, >=65 years, were computed. Joinpoint regression analyses to evaluate significant changes in trends were performed. In the European Union as a whole rates declined from 20.2 in 1987 to 13.5/100,000 in 2007 in men, and from 6.3 to 3.7/100,000 in women; European Union rates remained lower than USA, but higher than Japanese ones. In 2007, the highest male rates were in Lithuania (36.7/100,000), the Russian Federation (35.2), Ukraine (29.8), and Latvia (28.5), and the lowest ones in the Netherlands (6.2) and Sweden (6.9); the highest female rates were in the Russian Federation (11.3), Lithuania (9.7), Belarus, Latvia, and Ukraine (around 8), and the lowest ones in Switzerland (1.7), the UK, and Nordic countries (around 2). Mortality from motor vehicle crashes declined in northern and western European countries and - though to a lesser extent - in southern European countries, too. Mortality trends were also favourable in the Czech Republic and Poland since the mid 1990's, whereas they were still upwards in Romania and the Russian Federation. No trend was observed in Hungary and Ukraine. Trends were consistent in various age groups considered. Thus, additional urgent and integrated intervention is required to prevent avoidable deaths from motor vehicle crashes, particularly in selected central and eastern European countries.
Keywords
Accidents, Traffic/mortality , Accidents, Traffic/trends , Europe
Web of science
Create date
16/01/2012 12:54
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:19
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