Learning to lose control: A process-based account of behavioral addiction.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: All rights reserved
Serval ID
serval:BIB_F16A6AD496BB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Learning to lose control: A process-based account of behavioral addiction.
Journal
Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews
Author(s)
Perales J.C., King D.L., Navas J.F., Schimmenti A., Sescousse G., Starcevic V., van Holst R.J., Billieux J.
ISSN
1873-7528 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0149-7634
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
108
Pages
771-780
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Learning psycho(bio)logy has developed a solid corpus of evidence and theory regarding behavior control modes. The present article briefly reviews that literature and its influence on recent models in which the transition from goal-directed to compulsive behavior is identified as the main process underlying substance use disorders. This literature is also relevant to non-substance addictive disorders, and serves as basis to propose a restricted definition of behavioral addiction relying on the presence of behavior-specific compulsivity. Complementarily, we consider whether some activities can become disordered while remaining mostly goal-driven. Based on reinforcement learning models, relative outcome utility computation is proposed as an alternative mechanism through which dysfunctional behaviors (even not qualifying as addictive) can override adaptive ones, causing functional impairment. Beyond issues of conceptual delimitation, recommendations are made regarding the importance of identifying individual etiological pathways to dysregulated behavior, the necessity of accurately profiling at-risk individuals, and the potential hazards of symptom-based diagnosis. In our view, the validity of these recommendations does not depend on the position one takes in the nosological debate.
Keywords
Cognitive Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, Behavioral Addiction, Behavioral addiction, Behavioral control modes, Compulsivity, Learning, Non-substance addictive disorders, Reinforcement learning
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
07/01/2020 18:05
Last modification date
04/02/2020 7:20
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