Is it possible to limit the risks of thyroid surgery?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_F12CEDC268B1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Is it possible to limit the risks of thyroid surgery?
Journal
Annales D'endocrinologie
Author(s)
Daher R., Lifante J.C., Voirin N., Peix J.L., Colin C., Kraimps J.L., Menegaux F., Pattou F., Sebag F., Touzet S., Bourdy S., Duclos A.
Working group(s)
CATHY Study Group
Contributor(s)
Carty M., Lipsitz S., Arnalsteen L., Caizzo R., Carnaille B., Dezfoulian G., Eberle C., El Khatib Z., Fernandez E., Lamblin A., Pattou F., Six MF., Bourdy S., Bouveret L., Colin C., Duclos A., Guibert B., Le Pogam MA. , Lifante JC., Peix JL., Singier G., Soardo P., Touzet S., Voirin N., Auquier P., Henry JF., Morando C., Sebag F., Van Slycke S., Akrout I., Benmiloud F., Chigot JP., Colombet I., Godiris-Petit G., Leyre P., Ménégaux F., Noullet S., Royer B., Tresallet C., Desurmont T., Dominguez C., Kraimps JL., Odasso C., Rouleau L., Chapuis YL., Durieux P., Lepape A., Triponez F.
ISSN
0003-4266 (Print)
ISSN-L
0003-4266
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Volume
76
Number
1 Suppl 1
Pages
1S16-1S26
Language
english
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Inferior laryngeal nerve (ILN) palsy and hypocalcemia remain the two most frequent major complications after thyroid surgery. Their occurrences may be explained by the influence of factors related to the patient, the surgical procedure, thyroid pathology, or the surgeon's technique. This study aims To assess whether systematically following a rigorous surgical technique during thyroidectomy affects postoperative complications and long-term patient recovery.
METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, cross-sectional study of prospectively collected data in five high-volume referral centers enrolling all patients who underwent thyroid surgery between April 2008 and December 2009. Inferior laryngeal nerve (ILN) palsy and hypocalcemia were systematically assessed during hospitalization based on objective criteria. A six-month follow-up was conducted in cases of early complications. Multivariate regression models were computed to quantify their relationship with potential risk factors.
RESULTS: A total of 3574 thyroid procedures were completed. Non-visualization of the ILN during dissection and a large thyroid mass were major risk factors for permanent ILN palsy (OR, 4.17 and 2.61, p<0.01) and persistent complications after initial injury (OR, 4.17 and 2.42, p<0.05). The presence of thyroiditis on the surgical specimen was an independent risk factor for permanent hypoparathyroidism and poor recovery after initial dysfunction (OR, 1.76 and 1.88, p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Thorough meticulous technique in thyroid surgery is a determinant of ILN function but fails to prevent persistent hypoparathyroidism.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
30/06/2016 16:20
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:18
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