TBS (Trabecular Bone Score) is More Sensitive Than BMD to Diabetes-Related Fracture Risk


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
TBS (Trabecular Bone Score) is More Sensitive Than BMD to Diabetes-Related Fracture Risk
Title of the conference
ASBMR 2012, Annual Meeting of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Leslie W., Aubry-Rozier B., Goertzen A., Lamy O., Hans D.
Minneapolis, United-States, October 12-16, 2012
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Background:Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with increased fracture risk but paradoxically greater BMD. TBS (trabecular bone score), a novel grey-level texture measurement extracted from DXA images, correlates with 3D parameters of bone micro-architecture. We evaluated the ability of lumbar spine (LS) TBS to account for the increased fracture risk in diabetes.
Methods:29,407 women ≥50 years at the time of baseline hip and spine DXA were identified from a database containing all clinical BMD results for the Province of Manitoba, Canada. 2,356 of the women satisfied a well-validated definition for diabetes, the vast majority of whom (>90%) would have T2D. LS L14 TBS was derived for each spine DXA examination blinded to clinical parameters and outcomes. Health service records were assessed for incident non-traumatic major osteoporotic fracture codes (mean follow-up 4.7 years).
Results:In linear regression adjusted for FRAX risk factors (age,BMI, glucocorticoids, prior major fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, COPD as a smoking proxy, alcohol abuse) and osteoporosis therapy, diabetes was associated with higher BMD for LS, femoral neck and total hip but lower LS TBS (all p<0.001). Similar results were seen after excluding obese subjects withBMI>30. In logistic regression (Figure), the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for a skeletal measurement in the lowest vs highest tertile was less than 1 for all BMD measurements but increased for LS TBS (adjusted OR 2.61, 95%CI 2.30-2.97). Major osteoporotic fractures were identified in 175 (7.4%) with and 1,493 (5.5%) without diabetes (p < 0.001). LS TBS predicted fractures in those with diabetes (adjusted HR 1.27, 95%CI 1.10-1.46) and without diabetes (HR 1.31, 95%CI 1.24-1.38). LS TBS was an independent predictor of fracture (p<0.05) when further adjusted for BMD (LS, femoral neck or total hip). The explanatory effect of diabetes in the fracture prediction model was greatly reduced when LS TBS was added to the model (indicating that TBS captured a large portion of the diabetes-associated risk), but was paradoxically increased from adding any of the BMD measurements.
Conclusions:Lumbar spine TBS is sensitive to skeletal deterioration in postmenopausal women with diabetes, whereas BMD is paradoxically greater. LS TBS predicts osteoporotic fractures in those with diabetes, and captures a large portion of the diabetes-associated fracture risk. Combining LS TBS with BMD incrementally improves fracture prediction.
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24/01/2013 12:33
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20/08/2019 17:16
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