Hematogenous enterococcal vertebral osteomyelitis: report of 2 cases and review of the literature

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_EF05810C5C14
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Hematogenous enterococcal vertebral osteomyelitis: report of 2 cases and review of the literature
Journal
Journal of Infection
Author(s)
Tarr  P. E., Sakoulas  G., Ganesan  A., Smith  M. A., Lucey  D. R.
ISSN
0163-4453
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2004
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
48
Number
4
Pages
354-62
Notes
Case Reports
Journal Article
Review --- Old month value: May
Abstract
Enterococci are a major cause of bacteraemia and endocarditis and are increasingly being implicated in bone and joint infections. Hematogenous enterococcal vertebral osteomyelitis, however, has been only rarely reported. Here we present the first 2 patients from the United States and review the literature on 10 additional cases that have been published since 1967. The clinical presentation of enterococcal vertebral osteomyelitis was similar to cases due to other bacteria. Enterococcus faecalis caused most cases, consistent with its presumably increased virulence. All enterococcal cases in the literature were reported from Europe, which may be due to epidemiological differences related to antibiotic utilization and infection control practices between the US and Europe. Nine of all 12 cases were reported since 1995, which may be consistent with the increase in occurrence of enterococcal infections in general, in association with increasing patient co-morbidities, invasive procedures, and indwelling vascular devices.
Keywords
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use Enterococcus faecalis/*isolation & purification Fatal Outcome Female Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/drug therapy/*microbiology Humans Male Middle Aged Osteomyelitis/drug therapy/*microbiology Thoracic Vertebrae/*microbiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
20/01/2008 16:55
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:16
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