Electrophysiological correlates of problematic Internet use: Critical review and perspectives for future research

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_ECAD6F3ED1BA
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Electrophysiological correlates of problematic Internet use: Critical review and perspectives for future research
Journal
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Author(s)
D'Hondt Fabien, Billieux Joël, Maurage Pierre
ISSN
0149-7634
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
59
Pages
64-82
Language
english
Abstract
Problematic behaviors have emerged with the exponential development of the Internet access, with some
individuals failing to constrain their Internet use despite its negative impact on their daily lives. Recent
neuropsychological and neuroscience studies have suggested that problematic Internet use is notably
associated with increased cue-reactivity and reduced inhibitory control. This review of the electroencephalography
(EEG) literature shows that most studies have found that impaired self-control abilities
(i.e., inhibition and error monitoring) are associated with underactivated frontal regions in problematic
Internet users (PIUs). However, some EEG studies in the domain have also demonstrated alterations in
the processing of Internet-related cues and emotional stimuli. As a whole, these data therefore suggest
that both reflective (top-down) and automatic/affective (bottom-up) systems, postulated by dual-process
models as being determinants in decision making, are impaired among PIUs. On this basis, new research
avenues are proposed to better understand the development and maintenance of problematic Internet
use, according to six main directions respectively related to (1) the identification of vulnerability
biomarkers, (2) the investigation of possible lower level cognitive impairments, (3) the exploration of
core reflective and automatic/affective symptoms, (4) the evaluation of Internet use heterogeneity and
comorbidities, (5) the development of new neuroscience strategies and (6) the elaboration of behavioral
and cognitive interventions.
Keywords
event-related potential, Internet problematic use, Dual process-model
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/01/2020 10:31
Last modification date
18/01/2020 0:08
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