The Effects of 12-Week Dual-Task Physical-Cognitive Training on Gait, Balance, Lower Extremity Muscle Strength, and Cognition in Older Adult Women: A Randomized Study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_EBC517EE2C7D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The Effects of 12-Week Dual-Task Physical-Cognitive Training on Gait, Balance, Lower Extremity Muscle Strength, and Cognition in Older Adult Women: A Randomized Study.
Journal
International journal of environmental research and public health
Author(s)
Nascimento M.M., Maduro P.A., Rios PMB, Nascimento LDS, Silva C.N., Kliegel M., Ihle A.
ISSN
1660-4601 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1660-4601
Publication state
Published
Issued date
13/04/2023
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
20
Number
8
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Randomized Controlled Trial ; Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
This study aims to investigate the effects of dual-task physical-cognitive the training on body balance (BB), gait performance (GP), lower limb muscle strength (LEMS), and cognitive performance (CP) in a group of cognitively normal older adult women (n = 44; 66.20 ± 4.05 years). Of these, 22 were randomly allocated to the dual-task training (DT) group, and 22 participated in the control group (CG). Assessments were performed at baseline, after 12 weeks of intervention, and at the end of 12 weeks of follow-up, using the following instruments: Timed Up & Go (TUG), Timed Up & Go manual (TUGm), Timed Up & Go cognitive (TUGc), Balance Test (TEC), sit-to-stand test (STS), and verbal fluency test (VF). After 12 weeks of DT training, participants showed a significant time × group interaction in all motor assessments (BB, GP, LEMS), as well as in three cognitive tests (VF-grouping, VF-exchange, VF-total). No time-group interaction effect was indicated for the VF-category test. At all evaluation times, CG members maintained constant physical and cognitive performance. We conclude that 12 weeks of physical-cognitive DT training was effective in promoting BB, GP, and LEMS, as well as CP in cognitively normal older adult women, with lasting effects up to 12 weeks after the intervention.
Keywords
Humans, Female, Aged, Exercise Therapy, Cognitive Training, Postural Balance/physiology, Gait/physiology, Cognition/physiology, Muscle Strength, aging, dual task, falls, gait, older adult, postural control, verbal fluency, vulnerability
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
08/05/2023 13:08
Last modification date
02/12/2023 7:15
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