What do we know about aging and spatial cognition? Reviews and perspectives.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_EB81422ACD60
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
What do we know about aging and spatial cognition? Reviews and perspectives.
Journal
Ageing Research Reviews
Author(s)
Klencklen Giuliana, Després Olivier, Dufour André
ISSN
1872-9649 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1568-1637
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Number
1
Pages
123-135
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Abstract
In order to cope with normal cognitive aging we must understand the patterns and neurofunctional underpinnings of cognitive and behavioral changes throughout adulthood. In this review, we summarize recent advances in our understanding of age-related behavioral differences and changes in brain structure throughout the spatial domain. Although spatial cognition is critically important to everyday life, few studies have examined the relationship between this cognitive function and neural changes in the aged brain. Thus, spatial cognition is considered a key area in which the cognitive neuroscience of aging may expand in the near future. The first section of this review examines the methodologies and studies used to assess differences in spatial cognition during normal cognitive aging in animals and humans. We then relate how each domain of spatial cognition (e.g., visuospatial perception, mental imagery, memory and navigation) is affected by the aging process, and discuss possible links with changes in neural mechanisms. Lastly, we address putative links among the age-related deterioration patterns of the various spatial domains and make suggestions for future research.
Keywords
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging/pathology, Aging/psychology, Animals, Cognition/physiology, Cognition Disorders/pathology, Cognition Disorders/physiopathology, Humans, Memory Disorders/pathology, Memory Disorders/physiopathology, Space Perception/physiology
Pubmed
Create date
27/09/2012 16:39
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:13
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