Petrological Constraints on the Recycling of Mafic Crystal Mushes and Intrusion of Braided Sills in the Torres del Paine Mafic Complex (Patagonia)

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_EB7D25200396
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Petrological Constraints on the Recycling of Mafic Crystal Mushes and Intrusion of Braided Sills in the Torres del Paine Mafic Complex (Patagonia)
Journal
Journal of Petrology
Author(s)
Leuthold J., Müntener O., Baumgartner L. P., Putlitz B.
ISSN
0022-3530
ISSN-L
1460-2415
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
55
Pages
917-949
Language
english
Abstract
Cumulate and crystal mush disruption and reactivation are difficult to recognize in coarse-grained, shallow plutonic rocks. Mafic minerals included in hornblende and zoned plagioclase provide snapshots of early crystallization and cumulate formation, but are difficult to interpret in terms of the dynamics of magma ascent and possible links between silicic and mafic rock emplacement. This study presents the field relations, the microtextures and the mineral chemistry of the Miocene mafic sill complex of the Torres del Paine intrusive complex (Patagonia, Chile) and its subvertical feeder zone. We summarize a number of observations that occur in structurally different, shallow, plutonic rocks, as follows. (1) The mafic sill complex was built up by a succession of braided sills of shoshonitic and high-K calc-alkaline porphyritic hornblende-gabbro and fine-grained monzodiorite sills. Local diapiric structures and felsic magma accumulation between sills indicate limited separation of intercumulus liquid from the mafic sills. Anhedral hornblende cores, with olivine + clinopyroxene ± plagioclase ± apatite inclusions, crystallized at temperatures >900°C and pressures of ∼300 to ∼400 MPa. The corresponding rims and monzodiorite matrix crystallized at <830°C, ∼70 MPa. This abrupt compositional variation suggests stability and instability of hornblende during recycling of the mafic roots of the complex and subsequent decompression. (2) The near lack of intercumulus crystals in the subvertical feeder zone layered gabbronorite and pyroxene–hornblende gabbronorite stocks testifies that melt is more efficiently extracted than in sills, resulting in a cumulate signature in the feeding system. Granitic liquids were extracted at a higher temperature (T >950°C) than estimated from the composition of the granite minimum. We show that hornblende–plagioclase thermobarometry is a useful monitor for the determination of the segregation conditions of granitic magmas from gabbroic crystal mushes, and for monitoring the evolution of shallow crustal magmatic crystallization, decompression and cooling.
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Create date
16/07/2018 14:45
Last modification date
25/09/2019 6:11
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