A Single Question as a Screening Tool to Assess Fear of Falling in Young-Old Community-Dwelling Persons.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_EB0F6061EFCC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
A Single Question as a Screening Tool to Assess Fear of Falling in Young-Old Community-Dwelling Persons.
Journal
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Author(s)
Belloni G., Büla C., Santos-Eggimann B., Henchoz Y., Seematter-Bagnoud L.
ISSN
1538-9375 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1525-8610
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Number
9
Pages
1295-1301.e2
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Fear of falling (FOF) is common in older persons and related to negative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between 2 FOF measures: the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) and the single question on FOF and activity restriction (SQ-FAR). Factors associated with disagreement between the 2 measures were further examined.
Cross-sectional study.
Participants (N = 1359) were community-dwelling persons aged 65 to 70 years who were enrolled in the Lausanne cohort 65+.
Data included demographic, functional, cognitive, affective, and health status. FOF was measured with FES-I and the 3-level SQ-FAR (no FOF, FOF without activity restriction (AR, FOF with AR). FES-I concern about falling was categorized as low (score 16-19), moderate (score 20-27), and high (score 28-64).
Weighted agreement between the FES-I and the SQ-FAR was 87.8% (Kappa = 0.57). Using the FES-I as gold standard, the performance of SQ-FAR was good (specificity 86%; sensitivity 74%, negative predicting value 89%, positive predicting value 69%). Among participants with moderate/high FOF according to FES-I, male sex (P = .011) and the absence of previous falls (P < .001) were associated with disagreement between the 2 tools. Among participants with low FOF, female sex (P = .005), falls history (P < .001), and pre-frailty/frailty status (P = .050) were associated with disagreement.
The SQ-FAR has a moderate agreement with FES-I and might be used as a screening tool. The results also may help design a step-by-step strategy to evaluate and address FOF in the clinical setting.
Keywords
FES-I, elderly, fear of falling, healthy aging, older adults., older adults
Pubmed
Create date
06/02/2020 14:58
Last modification date
15/09/2020 6:26
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