Association between growth and blood pressure during the life course in children and adolescents


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Association between growth and blood pressure during the life course in children and adolescents
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Final Program and Abstracts Book, Joint Conference 50th Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention, [and] Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism
Chiolero Arnaud, Paradis Gilles, Madeleine George, Paccaud Fred, Bovet Pascal
American Heart Association
San Francisco, 2-5 March, 2010
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Background: Little is known on the relative importance of growth at different periods between birth and adolescence on blood pressure (BP).
Objective: To assess the association between birth weight, change in body weight (growth) and BP across the entire span of childhood and adolescence.
Methods: School-based surveys were conducted annually between 1998 and 2006 among all children in four school grades (kindergarten, 4th, 7th, and 10th year of compulsory school) in the Seychelles, Indian Ocean. Height and weight and BP were measured. Three cohorts of children examined twice were analyzed: 1606 children surveyed at age 5.5 and 9.1, 2557 at age 9.2 and 12.5, and 2065 at age 12.5 and 15.5, respectively. Weights at birth and at one year were extracted from medical files. Weights were expressed as Z-scores and growth was defined as a change in weight Z-scores (corresponding to weight centile crossing). The association between BP (at age 5.5, 9.2, 12.5, and 15.5) and weight at different times was assessed by linear regression. Using results of regression models of BP on all successive weights, life course plots were drawn by plotting regression coefficients against age at which weight was measured. The figure shows a life course plot of systolic BP in boys aged 15.5.
Results: Without adjustment for current weight (at the time of BP measurement), birth weight was not associated with current BP, irrespective of age, excepted for girls at age 15.5 for whom a modest positive association was found. When adjusted for current weight, birth weight was negatively and modestly associated with current BP. BP was strongly associated with current weight, irrespective of age. Life course plots showed that BP was strongly associated with growth during the few preceding years but not with growth during earlier years, except for growth during the first year of life which tended to be associated with systolic BP. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that BP during childhood and adolescence is mainly determined by current body weight and recent growth.
Adolescent , Child , Blood Pressure/physiology , Growth/physiology , Health Surveys , Schools , Seychelles
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09/03/2010 10:50
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20/08/2019 16:11
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