Biologics in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a narrative review.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_E812926962C6
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Biologics in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a narrative review.
Journal
European journal of pediatrics
Author(s)
Vanoni F., Minoia F., Malattia C.
ISSN
1432-1076 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0340-6199
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
176
Number
9
Pages
1147-1153
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
In the past years, pediatric rheumatology has seen a revolution in the treatments for rheumatic diseases, particularly juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Even if nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), intra-articular corticosteroids (IAC) injections, and methotrexate remain the mainstay of the treatment for JIA patients, in aggressive disease, these treatments may be not sufficient to reach disease remission and to prevent long-term disability. Comprehension of immunological mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of the diseases allowed to conceive new drugs targeting specific steps of the immune response. Several cytokines, like TNF alpha and IL-1, represent a very interesting target for biologic therapies. Due to the efficacy of these therapies, nowadays, "disease remission" in pediatric rheumatology is more and more frequent, especially in juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients, and the long-term outcomes have been significantly improved. Crucial to these advancements have been multicenter controlled clinical trials and long-term safety monitoring.
Research in pediatric rheumatology has resulted in dramatic advances in diseases management. Biologic treatments have improved physical and functional outcomes and quality of life of patients with rheumatic disease. What is Known: • NSAID, intra-articular injection of corticoids, and methotrexate are the mainstay in treatment of JIA. • In aggressive JIA, these treatments may be not sufficient to reach disease remission and to prevent long term disability. What is New: • In recent years, management of JIA has significantly improved with the development of biologic therapies that allowed children with arthritis to reach a normal growth and to achieve a good long-term functional outcome.
Keywords
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use, Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use, Arthritis, Juvenile/classification, Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy, Biological Products/therapeutic use, Child, Clinical Trials as Topic, Disease Management, Humans, Injections, Intra-Articular, Interleukin-1/therapeutic use, Methotrexate/therapeutic use, Quality of Life, Remission Induction, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/immunology, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/therapeutic use, Biological treatments, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Pediatric rheumatology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
01/09/2017 9:14
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:10
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