Brain multimodality monitoring: an update.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_E7DDA27182B8
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Brain multimodality monitoring: an update.
Journal
Current Opinion in Critical Care
Author(s)
Oddo M., Villa F., Citerio G.
ISSN
1531-7072 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1070-5295
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Volume
18
Number
2
Pages
111-118
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Abstract
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An important goal of neurocritical care is the management of secondary brain injury (SBI), that is pathological events occurring after primary insult that add further burden to outcome. Brain oedema, cerebral ischemia, energy dysfunction, seizures and systemic insults are the main components of SBI. We here review recent data showing the clinical utility of brain multimodality monitoring (BMM) for the management of SBI.
RECENT FINDINGS: Despite being recommended by international guidelines, standard intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring may be insufficient to detect all episodes of SBI. ICP monitoring, combined with brain oxygen (PbtO(2)), cerebral microdialysis and regional cerebral blood flow, might help to target therapy (e.g. management of cerebral perfusion pressure, blood transfusion, glucose control) to patient-specific pathophysiology. Physiological parameters derived from BMM, including PbtO(2) and microdialysis lactate/pyruvate ratio, correlate with outcome and have recently been incorporated into neurocritical care guidelines. Advanced intracranial devices can be complemented by quantitative electroencephalography to monitor changes of brain function and nonconvulsive seizures.
SUMMARY: BMM offers an on-line comprehensive scrutiny of the injured brain and is increasingly used for the management of SBI. Integration of monitored data using new informatics tools may help optimize therapy of brain-injured patients and quality of care.
Keywords
Brain Edema/complications, Brain Edema/physiopathology, Brain Injuries/etiology, Brain Injuries/metabolism, Brain Ischemia/complications, Brain Ischemia/physiopathology, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Critical Care/trends, Electroencephalography/methods, Female, Humans, Intracranial Pressure, Male, Microdialysis/methods, Monitoring, Physiologic/methods, Monitoring, Physiologic/trends, Oxygen Consumption, Seizures/complications, Seizures/physiopathology, Telemedicine
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
01/04/2012 13:40
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:10
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