Viral- and myelin-specific cellular immune response in patients treated with natalizumab: a cross-sectional and a longitudinal prospective study


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Viral- and myelin-specific cellular immune response in patients treated with natalizumab: a cross-sectional and a longitudinal prospective study
Title of the conference
9th International Symposium on NeuroVirology
Jilek Terrasse S., Lysandropoulos A., Jaquiery E., Canales M., Guignard L., Campiche C., Schluep M., Pantaleo G., Du Pasquier R.A.
Miami Beach, FL, JUN 02-06, 2009
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Issued date
Journal of Neurovirology
Meeting Abstract
Introduction: Natalizumab, a monoclonal antibody binding to the alpha4 integrins, is efficient in preventing relapses and progression of disability in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, a total of seven MS patients treated with natalizumab suffered from progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), on a total of 53?000 patients (data of March 6, 2009) treated with this drug. PML is a disease affecting immunosuppressed people, which is caused by the polyomavirus JC (JCV). This virus produces a lytic infection of the oligodendrocytes. Yet, natalizumab cannot be considered as a classical immunosuppressant, such as suggested by the fact that no increased incidence of other opportunistic infections was reported with this drug. It has been postulated that, by closing the blood-brain, natalizumab might prevent JCV-specific CD8_ T cells to reach the CNS and perform immune surveillance. Alternatively, it has been suggested that this drug acts by releasing JCV from the bone marrow, one of its site of latency. In this study, we address the question whether there is an increased activity of JCV in the blood of natalizumab-treated MS patients.
Material and Methods: In this prospective longitudinal study, we are following a cohort of 24 MS patients receiving monthly injections of natalizumab. Blood and urine are drawn every one to three months, up to 12 months. As a control group, we follow 16 MS patients treated with IFN-beta. For this control group, there are two time-points: before and 1094 months after treatment onset. We are analysing the viral (JCV-, EBV- and CMV-) as well as the myelin- (MOG-, MOBP-) specific cellular immune responses using proliferation and ELISPOT (IFNgamma) assays. For JCV, we study the response against VP1, the major capsid protein. For JCV VP1, MOG and MOBP, we use 15-mer peptides overlapping by 10 amino acids, thus eliciting CD4_ as well as CD8_ T cell response. These peptides encompasse the whole sequence of the proteins. For EBV and CMV, we use pools of immunodominant 8- to 10-mer peptides eliciting CD8_ T cells. At the same time-points, using RTPCR, we determine the presence of JCV DNA coding for the VP1 protein in the PBMC, plasma, and urine. Results: At the time of writing this abstract, 16 patients have reached the 9-month (T9), and 11 the T12 time-point. We expect that by the ISNV meeting in June 2009, 18 and 14 patients will be at T9 and T12, respectively. Virological and immunological
results will be presented. 9th International Symposium on NeuroVirology 2_6 June 2009 39 J Neurovirol Downloaded from by Cantonale et Universitaire on 06/25/10 For personal use only.
Conclusions: This ongoing longitudinal prospective study should tell us whether there is an enhanced JCV activity in the peripheral blood of patients on natalizumab. This work is supported by the FNS (PP00B-106716), the Swiss MS Society and a research grant from Biogen Dompe.
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10/11/2009 13:16
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20/08/2019 16:10
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