Metabolic alterations in the cortex of a mouse model with glutathione deficit - relevance to schizophrenia


Serval ID
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Metabolic alterations in the cortex of a mouse model with glutathione deficit - relevance to schizophrenia
Title of the conference
2nd Conference of the Schizophrenia-International-Research-Society (SIRS)
Duarte  Joao M. N., Kulak  Anita, Gruetter  Rolf, Do  Kim Q.
Florence - Italy, 10-14 April 2010
Publication state
Issued date
Schizophrenia Research
Meeting Abstract
Glutathione (GSH) is a major redox regulator and antioxidant and is decreased in cerebrospinal fluid and prefrontal cortex of schizophrenia patients [Do et al. (2000) Eur J Neurosci 12:3721]. The genes of the key GSH-synthesizing enzyme, glutamate- cysteine ligase catalytic (GCLC) and modifier (GCLM) subunits, are associated with schizophrenia, suggesting that the deficit in GSH synthesis is of genetic origin [Gysin et al. (2007) PNAS 104:16621]. GCLM knock-out (KO) mice, which display an 80% decrease in brain GSH levels, have abnormal brain morphology and function [Do et al. (2009) Curr Opin Neurobiol 19:220]. Developmental redox deregulation by impaired GSH synthesis and environmental risk factors generating oxidative stress may have a central role in schizophrenia. Here, we used GCLM KO mice to investigate the impact of a genetically dysregulated redox system on the neurochemical profile of the developing brain.
The neurochemical profile of the anterior and posterior cortical areas of male and female GCLM KO and wild-type mice was determined by in vivo 1H NMR spectroscopy on postnatal days 10, 20, 30, 60 and 90, under 1 to 1.5% isoflurane anaesthesia. Localised 1H NMR spectroscopy was performed on a 14.1 T, 26 cm
VNMRS spectrometer (Varian, Magnex) using a home-built 8 mm diameter quadrature surface coil (used both for RF excitation and signal reception). Spectra were acquired using SPECIAL with TE of 2.8 ms and TR of 4 s from VOIs placed in anterior or posterior regions of the cortex [Mlynárik et al. (2006) MRM 56:965]. LCModel analysis allowed in vivo quantification of a neurochemical profile composed of 18 metabolites.
GCLM KO mice displayed nearly undetectable GSH levels as compared to WT mice, demonstrating their drastic redox deregulation. Depletion of GSH triggered alteration of metabolites related to its synthesis, namely increase of glycine and glutamate levels during development (P20 and P30). Concentrations of glutamine and aspartate that are produced from glutamate were also increased in GCLM KO animals relative to WT. In addition, GCLM KO mice also showed higher levels of N-acetylaspartate that originates from the acetylation of aspartate. These metabolites are particularly implicated in neurotransmission processes and in mitochondrial oxidative metabolism. Their increase may indicate impaired mitochondrial metabolism with concomitant accumulation of lactate in the adult mice (P60 and P90). In addition, the GSH depletion triggers reduction of GABA concentration in anterior cortex of the P60 mice, which is in accordance with known impairment of GABAergic interneurons in that area. Changes were generally more pronounced in males than in females at P60, which is consistent with earlier disease onset in male patients.
In conclusion, the observed metabolic alterations in the cortex of a mouse model of redox deregulation suggest impaired mitochondrial metabolism and altered neurotransmission. The results also highlight the age between P20 and P30 as a sensitive period during the development for these alterations.
Web of science
Create date
01/09/2010 8:31
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:09
Usage data