Temozolomide combined with bevacizumab in metastatic melanoma. A multicenter phase II trial (SAKK 50/07)


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Temozolomide combined with bevacizumab in metastatic melanoma. A multicenter phase II trial (SAKK 50/07)
Title of the conference
15th ECCO/34th ESMO Multidisciplinary Congress
Von Moos R., Seifert B., Ochsenbein A., Cathomas R., Schlaeppi M., Gillessen S., Schuller J.C., Michielin O., Goldinger S., Dummer R.
Berlin, Germany, Sep 20-24, 2009
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Issued date
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Meeting Abstract
Background: Single agent DTIC is the standard therapy for metastatic melanoma (MM) with response rates of 5−20%. Temozolomide (Tem) as an oral drug has shown equal efficacy in phase III trials. Preclinical models have shown an inhibitory effect for bevacizumab (Bev) on the proliferation of melanoma cells as well as on sprouting endothelial cells. Therefore, a therapeutic approach that combines angiogenesis inhibitors with cytotoxic agents may provide clinical benefit in MM.
Methods: Design: Multicenter phase II trial. Primary endpoint: Clinical benefit (CR, PR and SD) at 12 weeks; secondary endpoints: best overall response by RECIST, response duration, progression free survival, adverse events, survival after 6 months and overall survival. Sample size was calculated according to Simon's two stage optimal design (5% significance level and 80% power) with an overall sample size of 62 patients (pts) to test H0: 20% versus H1: 35% rate of clinical benefit. Response assessment was done every 6 weeks (3 cycles). Eligibility: Stage IV MM, ECOG PS 0−2, no prior treatment for metastatic disease. Treatment regimen: One cycle consisted of Tem at 150 mg/m2 days 1−7 po and Bev at 10 mg/kg day 1 over 30 min iv and was repeated every 2 weeks until progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Results: Between January 2008 and April 2009, 62 pts (40 male/22 female) at a median age of 61 years (range 30−86) with stage IV (M1a:4, M1b:12, M1c:46) melanoma were enrolled in 9 centers. The first 50 pts, who received 415 cycles are included in this interim report. The overall response rate was 26% (CR: 1 pt, PR: 12 pts; PR not confirmed yet in 3 pts), and 44% (22 pts) had stable disease over 1.5−7.5 months (median: 3). Only 30% (15 pts) had disease progression at the first evaluation at week 6. The hematological grade 3/4 toxicities according to NCI CTAE 3.0 were thrombocytopenia 10% (5 pts), neutropenia 8% (4 pts), lymphopenia and leucocytopenia each 2% (1 pt). Cumulative non-hematological toxicities grade 3/4 were nausea and fatigue each 6% (3 pts), hypertension, vomiting and hemorrhage, each 4% (2 pts), thrombosis/embolism, infection, constipation, anorexia, elevation of alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, GGT, ALT and AST each 2% (1 pt).
Conclusion: In metastatic melanoma the combination of Tem/Bev is a safe regimen with a promising efficacy and few grade 3/4 toxicities. Updated results of all 62 pts will be presented.
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29/10/2009 8:56
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20/08/2019 16:09
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