Host Genetics of Response to Hepatitis B Vaccine: A Systematic Review


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A Master's thesis.
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Master (thesis) (master)
Host Genetics of Response to Hepatitis B Vaccine: A Systematic Review
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
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Background. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is an important cause of chronic viral disease worldwide and can be life threatening. While a safe and effective vaccine is widely available, 5 to 10% of healthy vaccinees fail to achieve a protective anti-hepatitis B surface antigen antibody (anti-HBs) titer (>10mIU/ml). A limited number of studies investigated host genetics of the response to HBV vaccine. To our knowledge, no comprehensive overview of genetic polymorphisms both within and outside the HLA system has been done so far.
Aim. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature of human genetics influencing immune response after hepatitis B vaccination.
Methods. Literature searches using keywords were conducted in the electronic databases Medline, Embase and ISI Web of Science the cut-off date being March 2014. After selection of papers according to stringent inclusion criteria, relevant information was systematically collected from the remaining articles, including demographic data, number of patients, schedule and type of vaccine, phenotypes, genes and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyping results and their association with immune response to hepatitis B vaccine.
Results. The literature search produced a total of 1968 articles from which 46 studies were kept for further analyses. From these studies, data was extracted for 19 alleles from the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region that were reported as significant at least twice. Among those alleles, 9 were firmly associated with vaccine response outcome (DQ2 [DQB1*02 and DQB1*0201], DR3 [DRB1*03 and DRB1*0301], DR7 [DRB1*07 and DRB1*0701], C4AQ0, DPB1*0401, DQ3, DQB1*06, DRB1*01 and DRB1*13 [DRB1*1301]). In addition, data was extracted for 55 different genes from which 13 extra-HLA genes had polymorphisms that were studied by different group of investigators or by the same group with a replication study. Among the 13 genes allowing comparison, 4 genes (IL-1B, IL-2, IL-4R and IL- 6) revealed no significant data, 6 genes (IL-4, IL-10, IL-12B, IL-13, TNFA, IFNG and TLR2) were explored with inconsistent results and 2 genes (CD3Z and ITGAL) yielded promising results as their association with vaccine response was confirmed by a replication approach. Furthermore, this review produced a list of 46 SNPs from 26 genes that were associated with immune response to vaccine only once, providing novel candidates to be tested in datasets from existing genome-wide association studies (GWAS).
Conclusion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic review of immunogenetic studies of response to hepatitis B vaccine. While this work reassesses the role of several HLA alleles on vaccine response outcome, the associations with polymorphisms in genes outside the HLA region were rather inconsistent. Moreover, this work produced a list of 46 significant SNPs that were reported by a single group of investigators, opening up some interesting possibilities for further research.
Hepatitis B vaccine. Anti-HBs antigen antibody. Immunogenetics. Human leukocyte antigen. Single nucleotide polymorphism
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03/09/2015 8:01
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20/08/2019 16:08
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