Variabilité des concentrations plasmatiques de l'angiotensinogène et risque d'hypertension artérielle chez le rat transgénique [Variability of plasma angiotensinogen levels and risk of hypertension in a transgenic rat model].

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_E49A504B4C9D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Variabilité des concentrations plasmatiques de l'angiotensinogène et risque d'hypertension artérielle chez le rat transgénique [Variability of plasma angiotensinogen levels and risk of hypertension in a transgenic rat model].
Journal
Annales de Cardiologie et d'angéiologie
Author(s)
Gudo B., Nussberger J., Bohlender J.
ISSN
1768-3181 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0003-3928
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
63
Number
3
Pages
124-127
Language
french
Notes
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
AIM: Genetic polymorphisms of the human angiotensinogen gene are frequent and may induce up to 30% increase of plasma angiotensinogen concentrations with a blood pressure increase of up to 5mmHg. Their role for the pathogenesis of human arterial hypertension remains unclear. High plasma angiotensinogen levels could increase the sensitivity to other blood pressure stressors.
METHODS: Male transgenic rats with a 9-fold increase of plasma angiotensinogen concentrations and male non-transgenic rats aged 10 weeks were treated or not with NG-Nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester for 3 weeks in their drinking water (n=3/group). Systolic blood pressure and body weight were measured at baseline and at the end of the study when left ventricular weight and ventricular expression of angiotensin I-converting enzyme and procollagen Iα1 were determined (polymerase chain reaction).
RESULTS: At baseline, transgenic rats had +18mmHg higher bood pressure and -8% lower body weight compared to non-transgenic rats (P<0.05) without significant changes for the vehicle groups throughout the study (P>0.05). NG-Nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester increased blood pressure, left ventricular weight and left ventricular weight indexed for body weight by +41%, +17.6% and +18.6% (P<0.05) in transgenic and +25%, +5.3% and +6.7% (P>0.05) in non-transgenic rats compared to untreated animals, respectively. Cardiac gene expression showed no differences between groups (P>0.05).
CONCLUSION: Increased plasma angiotensinogen levels may sensitize to additional blood pressure stressors. Our preliminary results point towards an independent role of angiotensinogen in the pathogenesis of human hypertension and associated end-organ damage.
Pubmed
Create date
20/02/2015 11:07
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:08
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