COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and problematic eating behaviors in a student population

Details

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_E33675F49683
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and problematic eating behaviors in a student population
Journal
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Author(s)
Flaudias Valentin, Iceta Sylvain, Zerhouni Oulmann, Rodgers Rachel F, Billieux Joël, Llorca Pierre-Michel, Boudesseul Jordane, de Chazeron Ingrid, Romo Lucia, Maurage Pierre, Samalin Ludovic, BÈgue Laurent, Naassila Mickael, Brousse Georges, Guillaume Sébastien
ISSN
2062-5871
2063-5303
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Number
3
Pages
826-835
Language
english
Abstract
Background and aims: Since mid-March 2020, over 3 billion people have been confined as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Problematic eating behaviors are likely to be impacted by the pandemic through multiple pathways. This study examined the relationships between stress related to lockdown measures and binge eating and dietary restriction in a population of French students during the first week of confinement.
Methods: A sample of undergraduate students (N = 5,738) completed an online questionnaire 7 days after lockdown measures were introduced. The survey comprised variables related to lockdown measures and the COVID-19-pandemic, mood, stress, body image, binge eating and dietary restriction during the past 7 days, as well as intent to binge eat and restrict in the following 15 days.
Results: Stress related to the lockdown was associated with greater likelihood of binge eating and dietary restriction over the past week and intentions to binge eat and restrict over the next 15 days. Greater exposure to COVID-19-related media was associated with increased eating restriction over the past week. Binge eating and restriction (past and intentions) were associated with established risk factors, including female gender, low impulse regulation, high body dissatisfaction, and having a concurrent probable eating disorder.
Discussion and conclusion: The higher the stress related to the first week of confinement, the higher the risk of problematic eating behaviors among students, particularly those characterized by eating-related concerns. Screening for risk factors and providing targeted interventions might help decrease problematic eating behaviors among those who are most vulnerable.
Keywords
Covid-19, Eating Disorders, Problematic Eating, Risk Factors, Undergraduates
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
01/10/2020 16:50
Last modification date
02/11/2020 7:24
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