Regulation of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_E3283AF3992C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Regulation of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene
Journal
Oncogene
Author(s)
Ducrest  A. L., Szutorisz  H., Lingner  J., Nabholz  M.
ISSN
11850779
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/2002
Volume
21
Number
4
Pages
541-52
Notes
Old month value: Jan-21 --- Old uritopublisher value: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11850779
Abstract
Telomerase is required for the complete replication of chromosomal ends. In tumors, the human telomerase reverse transcriptase subunit (hTERT) is up-regulated, thereby removing a critical barrier for unlimited cell proliferation. To understand more about hTERT regulation, we measured hTERT RNA levels by quantitative reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. Telomerase-positive cell lines were found to contain between 0.2 and 6 molecules of spliced hTERT RNA per cell, whereas in telomerase-negative cells, the number of molecules was below the sensitivity of the assay (<0.004 molecules/cell). Intron-containing, immature hTERT RNA was observed only in nuclei of telomerase-positive cells, which suggests that hTERT RNA levels are transcriptionally regulated. Microcell transfer of a normal chromosome 3 into the human breast carcinoma cell line (21NT) abolishes telomerase activity and induces senescence. Endogenous hTERT transcripts were undetectable in the nuclei of 21NT-chromosome 3 hybrids, even in cells permanently expressing a transfected hTERT cDNA. However, chromosome 3 transfer did not affect the expression of green fluorescent protein reporter constructs driven by up to 7.4 kb of noncoding DNA flanking the 5' end of the hTERT gene. Because direct up-regulation of hTERT through c-Myc overexpression had previously been reported, we investigated whether chromosome 3 transfer affected c-Myc activity. An at least 30-fold reduction of immature intron-containing hTERT RNA was observed after the introduction of a normal chromosome 3, but expression levels of c-Myc, Mad1, and other c-Myc target genes were unchanged. Our results suggest that telomerase is regulated primarily at the level of hTERT transcription by complex mechanisms involving regulatory elements distant from the 5' flanking region, and that the putative hTERT repressor on chromosome 3 does not regulate the expression of hTERT through c-Myc or one of its coregulators.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
14/03/2008 9:12
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:06
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