Maladaptive daydreaming : evidence for an under-researched mental health disorder

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_DD61585D4B6D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Maladaptive daydreaming : evidence for an under-researched mental health disorder
Journal
Consciousness and Cognition
Author(s)
Bigelsen J., Lehrfeld J., Jopp D. S., Somer E.
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
42
Pages
254-266
Language
english
Notes
1928
Abstract
This study explores the recently described phenomenon of Maladaptive Daydreaming (MD) and attempts to enhance the understanding of its features. It documents the experiences of 340 self-identified maladaptive daydreamers who spend excessive amounts of time engaged in mental fantasy worlds, in comparison to 107 controls. Our sample included a total of 447 individuals, aged 13âeuro"78, from 45 countries who responded to online announcements. Participants answered quantitative and qualitative questions about their daydreaming habits and completed seven questionnaires assessing mental health symptoms. Findings demonstrated that MD differs significantly from normative daydreaming in terms of quantity, content, experience, controllability, distress, and interference with life functioning. Results also demonstrated that Maladaptive Daydreamers endorsed significantly higher rates of attention deficit, obsessive compulsive and dissociation symptoms than controls. In sum, findings suggested that MD represents an under-acknowledged clinical phenomenon that causes distress, hinders life functioning and requires more scientific and clinical attention.
Keywords
Maladaptive daydreaming, compulsive fantasy, absorbtion, visual cognition, stereotypic movement, kinesthetic activity, fantasy prone person
Create date
18/08/2016 16:43
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:02
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