Long-term efficacy and safety of adalimumab by immunosuppressant use in patients with non-infectious uveitis in the visual iii trial


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Long-term efficacy and safety of adalimumab by immunosuppressant use in patients with non-infectious uveitis in the visual iii trial
Title of the conference
Arthritis Rheumatology
Working group(s)
Guex-Crosier Yan, , Foster C. Stephen, , Nakai Kei, , Goto Hiroshi, , Douglas Kevin, , Pathai Sophia, , Kron Martina, , Song Alexandra P., , Van Calster Joachim, , Adán Alfredo,
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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Issued date
Objectives To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of adalimumab in patients with non-infectious intermediate, posterior, or panuveitis, by immunosuppressant (IMM) use.
Methods Adult patients who completed or had a treatment failure in the VISUAL I/II trials were eligible to enter the Phase III open-label extension study, VISUAL III. Patients received adalimumab 40 mg every other week in VISUAL III, and interim follow-up data were collected through Weeks 0 to 78. Efficacy measures assessed included proportion of patients with: no active inflammatory lesions in both eyes; anterior chamber (AC) cell grade ≤0.5 +in both eyes; vitreous haze (VH) grade ≤0.5 +in both eyes; quiescence (defined as no active inflammatory lesions AND AC cell grade ≤0.5 + AND VH grade ≤0.5+); and steroid-free quiescence. Mean steroid dose and mean best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were also assessed. Missing data were imputed using non-responder imputation for categorical endpoints, last observation carried forward for continuous variables, and as-observed for steroid dose. Efficacy was analysed by IMM (methotrexate, cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, or azathioprine) use. Adverse events (AEs) were reported from first adalimumab dose in VISUAL III through interim cut-off date of Oct 31, 2016, with analysis by IMM use.
Results Of 371 patients included in the intent-to-treat analysis, 117 (31.5%) were using IMM at VISUAL III baseline (BL) and 30 (8.1%) started IMM during VISUAL III. The proportion of patients with quiescence improved over time irrespective of IMM use; compared with Week 0, 95% confidence intervals were non-overlapping at most time points (figure 1). Numeric improvements were achieved in steroid-free quiescence, steroid dose reduction, and BCVA, with no difference by IMM use. No new safety signals were detected through 130 weeks of treatment and AE rates were generally consistent with previous VISUAL trials; some AEs, notably serious infections and malignancies, were slightly higher with concomitant IMM use.
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16/01/2019 10:29
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20/08/2019 17:01
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