Prevalence, awareness and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Switzerland: the CoLaus study.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_DB32B3065E3E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Prevalence, awareness and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Switzerland: the CoLaus study.
Journal
Diabetic medicine
Author(s)
Kaiser A., Vollenweider P., Waeber G., Marques-Vidal P.
ISSN
1464-5491 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0742-3071
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
29
Number
2
Pages
190-197
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To assess the prevalence, awareness and treatment levels of Type 2 diabetes in a Swiss city.
Population-based cross-sectional study of 6181 subjects (3246 women) aged 35-75 years living in Lausanne, Switzerland. Type 2 diabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7 mmol/l and/or oral hypoglycaemic treatment and/or insulin.
Total prevalence of Type 2 diabetes was 6.3% (95% confidence interval: 5.7-7.0%), higher in men (9.1%) than in women (3.8%, P < 0.001) and increased with age. Two-thirds (65.3%; 60.4-70.0%) of participants with Type 2 diabetes were aware of their status and among those aware 86.0% (81.5-90.3%) were treated. Treatment was more frequent in men (91.3%) than in women (75.9%, P < 0.001). Two-thirds of those treated for Type 2 diabetes were on monotherapy. Biguanides were prescribed in 65.0% of Type 2 diabetes patients and represented 48% of all antidiabetic drugs. Multivariable analysis showed male gender, increasing age, waist or BMI to be positively associated with prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, while leisure-time physical activity and alcohol consumption were negatively associated. Among participants presenting with Type 2 diabetes, increasing age was positively associated with awareness of Type 2 diabetes. Among subjects diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, male gender and increasing age were positively associated with treatment.
Prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in Switzerland is estimated to be between 5.7% and 7.0%. Two-thirds of patients with Type 2 diabetes are aware of their status, and over three quarters of those aware are treated.

Keywords
Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Alcohol Drinking, Blood Glucose/metabolism, Body Mass Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Multivariate Analysis, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sex Distribution, Surveys and Questionnaires, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
28/09/2011 14:15
Last modification date
20/08/2019 17:00
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