Colectomy for patients with super obesity: current practice and surgical morbidity in the United States.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_DAEAD9AE8ADB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Colectomy for patients with super obesity: current practice and surgical morbidity in the United States.
Journal
Surgery for obesity and related diseases
Author(s)
Abd El Aziz M.A., Grass F., Perry W., Behm K.T., Shawki S.F., Larson D.W., Mathis K.L.
ISSN
1878-7533 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1550-7289
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Number
11
Pages
1764-1769
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
While minimally invasive surgery contributed to improved outcomes in bariatric surgery, less is known about current utilization trends and outcomes related to surgical technique for colorectal resections in super-obese patients (body mass index ≥50 kg/m <sup>2</sup> ).
The aim of this study was to compare surgical modalities and short-term outcomes of patients with super obesity who underwent elective colectomy in the United States.
A retrospective review was performed of patients with super obesity who underwent elective colectomy between 2012 to 2018 using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program data pool.
Patients were categorized into an open, laparoscopic, or robotic group. Baseline characteristics and perioperative outcomes including 30-day complications and length of stay were compared between the 3 groups. Furthermore, utilization trends of surgical modalities were assessed.
Of 1199 patients, 338 (28.2%) had open, 735 (61.3%) laparoscopic, and 126 (10.5%) robotic colectomy during the study period, primarily for colon cancer (50.8%). Patients in the open group tended to have more baseline co-morbidities. Laparoscopic approach showed better risk-adjusted outcomes compared with open for postoperative ileus (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: .6, 95% confidence interval [CI; .383-.965]), overall medical complications (aOR: .4, 95%CI [.3-.8]), and length of stay (OR .6, 95% CI [.394-.968]). Trend utilization showed increasing utilization of the robotic platform over the study period, which was associated with less unplanned conversion to open (aOR .417, 95%CI [.199-.872]).
Laparoscopic colectomy provides advantageous outcomes over open surgery for colectomy in super-obese patients. The robotic platform has been increasingly used over time, and potential benefits need to be further studied.
Keywords
Colectomy, Databases, Factual, Humans, Laparoscopy, Length of Stay, Morbidity, Obesity, Postoperative Complications/epidemiology, Postoperative Complications/etiology, Retrospective Studies, Robotic Surgical Procedures, United States/epidemiology, Colorectal surgery, Laparoscopic, Minimally invasive
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
29/11/2021 11:19
Last modification date
30/11/2021 7:13
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