Heritability of blood pressure in the swiss population: the family-based skipogh study


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Heritability of blood pressure in the swiss population: the family-based skipogh study
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Swiss Public Health Conference 2013
Alwan H., Ehret G., Ponte B., Pruijm M., Ackermann D., Guessous I., Pechère-Bertschi A., Paccaud F., Burnier M, Bochud M.
Zürich, Switzerland, August, 15-16, 2013
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Objective: Blood pressure is known to aggregate in families. Yet, heritability estimates are population-specific and no Swiss data have been published so far. Moreover, little is known on the heritability of the white-coat effect. We investigated the heritability of various blood pressure (BP) traits in a Swiss population-based sample. Methods: SKIPOGH (Swiss Kidney Project on Genes in Hypertension) is a family-based multi-centre (Lausanne, Bern, Geneva) cross-sectional study that examines the role of genes in determining BP levels. Office and 24-hour ambulatory BP were measured using validated devices (A&D UM-101 and Diasys Integra). We estimated the heritability of systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), heart rate (HR), pulse pressure (PP), proportional white-coat effect (i.e. [office BP-mean ambulatory daytime BP]/mean ambulatory daytime BP), and nocturnal BP dipping (difference between mean ambulatory daytime and night-time BP) using a maximum likelihood method implemented in the SAGE software. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and study centre. Analyses involving PP were additionally adjusted for DBP. Results: The 517 men and 579 women included in this analysis had a mean (}SD) age of 46.8 (17.8) and 47.8 (17.1) years and a mean BMI of 26.0 (4.2) and 24.2 (4.6) kg/m2, respectively. Heritability estimates (}SE) for office SBP, DBP, HR, and PP were 0.20}0.07, 0.20}0.07, 0.39}0.08, and 0.16}0.07 (all P<0.01). Heritability estimates for 24-hour ambulatory SBP, DBP, HR, and PP were, respectively, 0.39}0.07, 0.30}.08, 0.19}0.09, and 0.25}0.08 (all P<0.05). The heritability of the white-coat effect was 0.29}0.07 for SBP and 0.31}0.07 for DBP (both P<0.001). The heritability of nocturnal BP dipping was 0.15}0.08 for SBP and 0.22}0.07 for DBP (both P<0.05). Conclusions: We found that the white-coat effect is significantly heritable. Our findings show that BP traits are moderately heritable in a multi-centric study in Switzerland, in line with previous population-based studies, justifying the ongoing search for genetic determinants in this field.
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23/10/2013 14:57
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20/08/2019 15:59
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