Heterogeneity in the smoking response to health shocks by out-of-pocket spending risk.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D75C76D8092A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Heterogeneity in the smoking response to health shocks by out-of-pocket spending risk.
Journal
Health economics, policy, and law
Author(s)
Richards M.R., Marti J.
ISSN
1744-134X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1744-1331
Publication state
Published
Issued date
10/2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Number
4
Pages
343-357
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
An existing literature demonstrates that adverse changes to health can lead to improvements in health behaviors. Although the exact explanations for these empirical findings are debated, some posit that individuals learn about their true health risks through health shocks. Updated health risk information can then induce changes in health behaviors. While we follow a learning framework, we argue that past work has neglected the role of health insurance and medically related financial risk within this decision making context. Using longitudinal data from 11 European countries, we investigate the impact of a new cardiovascular (CV) health shock on smoking decisions among older adults and examine whether personal exposure to medical spending risk influences the smoking response. We then explore two potential mechanisms for this link: larger updates to health risk beliefs and higher medical expenditures to incentivize behavior change. We find that CV shocks impact the propensity to smoke, with relatively more impact among individuals with high financial risk exposure to medical spending. We also see larger increases in out-of-pocket expenditures following a shock for this group--consistent with the latter mechanism for behavior change.
Keywords
Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases/psychology, Decision Making, Europe, Female, Financing, Personal/statistics & numerical data, Health Behavior, Humans, Insurance Coverage/statistics & numerical data, Insurance, Health/statistics & numerical data, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Assessment, Smoking/psychology, Socioeconomic Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
26/09/2019 7:40
Last modification date
27/09/2019 5:26
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