Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD8 T cells are functionally and phenotypically different between latent infection and active disease

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_D7303CF13CEC
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD8 T cells are functionally and phenotypically different between latent infection and active disease
Title of the conference
European Congress of Immunology
Author(s)
Rozot V., Vigano S., Mazza-Stalder J., Perreau M., Goletti D., Bart P. A., Nicod L., Pantaleo G., Harari A.
Address
Sep 05-08, 2012; Glasgow, Scotland
ISSN
0019-2805
ISSN-L
0019-2805
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Volume
137
Series
Immunology
Pages
598
Language
english
Abstract
Purpose/Objective: Tuberculosis (TB) is the second worldwide leading cause of death from an infectious disease after HIV infection. Protective immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remains poorly understood and the role of Mtb-specific CD8 T-cells is controversial. We performed comprehensive functional and phenotypic characterizations of Mtb-specific CD8 T-cell responses in 273 subjects with either latent Mtb infection (LTBI) or active TB disease (TB) to assess their profile and relevance in TB.
Materials and methods: Using multi-parametric flow cytometry, we assessed Mtb-specific CD8 T-cell functional (production of IFNgamma, IL-2 and TNF-alpha; proliferation capacity and cytotoxicity) and phenotypic (T-cell differentiation and exhaustion) profiles in cells isolated from peripheral blood and correlated these profiles with distinct clinical presentations.
Results: Mtb-specific CD8 T-cells were detected in most TB patients and few LTBI subjects (65% and 15%, respectively; P < 0.00001) and were of similar magnitude with a comparable cytokines profile (IFNg+TNFa+IL2-) in both groups. Mtb-specific CD8 T-cells were mostly TEMRA (CD45RA+ CCR7-) co-expressing 2B4 and CD160 in LTBI subjects and mostly TEM (CD45RA-CCR7-) lacking PD-1/ CD160/2B4 in TB patients. Furthermore, Mtb-specific CD8 T-cells mostly expressed very little perforin and granulysin but contained granzymes A and B or lacked all these cytotoxic markers in TB and LTBI subjects, respectively. However, in vitro expanded Mtb-specific CD8 T-cells acquired perforin, granulysin and granzymes. Finally, Mtb-specific CD8 T-cell responses were more robust and prone to proliferate in patients with extrapulmonary compared to pulmonary TB.
Conclusions: The clinical status and TB presentation are associated to specific profiles of Mtb-specific CD8 T-cell responses, thus indicating distinct dynamics between the mycobacteria, the CD8 T-cell response and the clinical outcome. Our data shed light on the controversial reached by studies performed in human and animal models, thus advancing the current knowledge on the complex dynamic of TB immunity.
Web of science
Create date
18/12/2012 14:58
Last modification date
21/01/2021 6:25
Usage data